1.1 immensely rich and grim lady who lived in a large and dismal
house barricaded against robbers, and who led a life of seclusion.
1.2 I wished Joe had been rather more genteelly brought up,
and then I should have been so too.
1.3 I took the opportunity of being alone in the
court-yard, to look at my coarse hands and my
1.4 She reserved it for me to restore the
desolate house, admit the sunshine
into the dark rooms, set the clocks a
going and the cold hearths a blazing,
tear down the cobwebs, destroy the
vermin—in short, do all the shining
deeds of the young Knight of romance,
and marry the Princess.
1.5 the sense of distance and disparity that came upon me,
and the inaccessibility that came about her!
1.6 "you should have some new clothes to come in, and they should not be working
1.7 But if you think as Money can make compensation to me
for the loss of the little child—what come to the
forge—and ever the best of friends!—"
1.8 I loved Estella with the love of a man, I loved
her simply because I found her irresistible.
1.9 I should be encompassed by all this
taint of prison and crime
2 AO4 - Context
2.1 Charles Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, and
spent the first nine years of his life living in the
coastal regions of Kent, a county in southeast
2.2 When he was twelve, his father was arrested
and taken to debtors’ prison. Dickens’s mother
moved his seven brothers and sisters into
prison with their father, but she arranged for
the young Charles to live alone outside the
prison and work
2.3 Many of the events from Dickens’s early life are mirrored
in Great Expectations, which, apart from David Copperfield,
is his most autobiographical novel.
2.4 Pip, the novel’s protagonist, lives in the marsh country, works
at a job he hates, considers himself too good for his
surroundings, and experiences material success in London at a
very early age, exactly as Dickens himself did.
2.5 Great Expectations is set in early Victorian
England, a time when great social changes were
sweeping the nation. The Industrial Revolution of
the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
had transformed the social landscape, enabling
capitalists and manufacturers to amass huge
fortunes. Although social class was no longer
entirely dependent on the circumstances of one’s
birth, the divisions between rich and poor
remained nearly as wide as ever. L
2.6 Throughout England, the manners of the upper class were very strict and
conservative: gentlemen and ladies were expected to have thorough
classical educations and to behave appropriately in innumerable social
3 A03 - Comparison and Literary theory
3.1 Marxist Criticism Views society based
on the economic and cultural theory of
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles.
Assumes that each society is made up
of a set of concepts, beliefs, values, and
ways of thinking influenced by
economic and class structures.
3.2 Psychoanalytic Criticism Views text as an expression of
the personality, state of mind, feelings, and desires of its
author. Looks for the distinction between conscious and
unconscious motives of characters and author.
3.3 Historical Criticism/Post-Colonial Views text as a closely related to
the time during which an author wrote. Focused on the social,
political, economic, cultural, and/or intellectual climate of the time.
Examines how other cultures are viewed in terms of an
overpowering Western literature base. · Looks at issues of
colonization and imperialism
3.4 Comparisons could be made using themes such as class or women
4 AO1- Knowledge and understanding
4.1 Setting Nineteenth-Century England; London and Kent
4.2 First Person narration
4.3 Coming of Age; Fantasy; Horror or Gothic Fiction; Realism