F212 Unit 1 Molecules Key Words

Gurdev Manchanda
Mind Map by Gurdev Manchanda, updated more than 1 year ago
Gurdev Manchanda
Created by Gurdev Manchanda over 6 years ago
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Although, I'm sorry if it doesn't make much sense (it's just how i see it all in my head), I still hope it helps!

Resource summary

F212 Unit 1 Molecules Key Words
  1. Biological Molecules
    1. Water
      1. Polarity
        1. delta
        2. Cohesive
          1. hydrogen bonding
            1. Solvent
              1. ions
                1. Dissolve
              2. Temperature control
                1. Specific Heat Capacity
                  1. Specific latent heat of evaporation
                  2. density
                    1. insulation
                  3. Carbohydrates
                    1. Alpha Glucose
                      1. polysaccharide formation
                        1. condensation
                          1. hydrolysis
                            1. glycosidic bond
                            2. beta glucose
                              1. monosaccharides
                                1. disaccharides
                                  1. polysaccharides
                                    1. Starch
                                      1. amylose
                                        1. cylinder
                                          1. compact
                                          2. unbrached
                                          3. amylopectin
                                            1. branched
                                              1. quick
                                              2. energy storage in plants
                                                1. insoluble in water
                                                2. glycogen
                                                  1. similar to amylopectin
                                                    1. more side branches though
                                                    2. branched
                                                      1. quick
                                                      2. compact
                                                        1. a-glucose
                                                          1. energy store in animals
                                                          2. cellulose
                                                            1. plant cell wall
                                                              1. beta-glucose
                                                                1. long straight cellulose chains
                                                                  1. hydrogen bonds
                                                                    1. microfibrils
                                                                  2. Proteins
                                                                    1. structures
                                                                      1. primary
                                                                        1. sequence
                                                                        2. secondary
                                                                          1. alpha helix
                                                                            1. beta pleated sheet
                                                                              1. hydrogen bonds
                                                                              2. tertiary
                                                                                1. ionic interactions
                                                                                  1. hydrogen bonds
                                                                                    1. hydrophobic, hydrophilic interactions
                                                                                      1. disulfide bonds
                                                                                      2. quaternary
                                                                                        1. 3D
                                                                                          1. chains
                                                                                            1. prosthetic group
                                                                                          2. carboxyl / acid group
                                                                                            1. Amino group
                                                                                              1. polypeptide formation
                                                                                                1. condensation
                                                                                                  1. hydrolysis
                                                                                                    1. Peptide bonds
                                                                                                    2. Variable group
                                                                                                      1. dipeptide
                                                                                                        1. fibrous
                                                                                                          1. collagen
                                                                                                          2. globular
                                                                                                            1. haemoglobin
                                                                                                          3. Lipids
                                                                                                            1. triglyceride
                                                                                                              1. 3 fatty acid tail
                                                                                                                1. unsaturated
                                                                                                                2. glycerol head
                                                                                                                  1. ester bond
                                                                                                                    1. energy store
                                                                                                                      1. chemical energy
                                                                                                                      2. insoluble
                                                                                                                        1. osmosis
                                                                                                                          1. droplets
                                                                                                                        2. phospholipid
                                                                                                                          1. phosphate group
                                                                                                                            1. ionised
                                                                                                                              1. attract water molecules
                                                                                                                                1. hydrophilic
                                                                                                                          2. hydrocarbons
                                                                                                                            1. cholesterol
                                                                                                                              1. hydrocarbon ring structure
                                                                                                                                1. polar hydroxyl group attatched
                                                                                                                                2. hydrocarbon tail
                                                                                                                                  1. phospholipid bilayer
                                                                                                                              2. Nucleic Acid
                                                                                                                                1. DNA - deoxyribose nucleic acid
                                                                                                                                  1. nucleotides
                                                                                                                                    1. Deoxyribose sugar - pentose
                                                                                                                                      1. phosphate
                                                                                                                                        1. nitrogenous bases
                                                                                                                                          1. pyrimidine
                                                                                                                                            1. cytosine
                                                                                                                                              1. thymine
                                                                                                                                              2. purine
                                                                                                                                                1. adenine
                                                                                                                                                  1. guanine
                                                                                                                                                2. forms sugar phosphate backbone
                                                                                                                                                  1. polynucleotide strand
                                                                                                                                                    1. attach w/ hydrogen bonds between bases
                                                                                                                                                      1. 3 between G and C
                                                                                                                                                        1. 2 between A and T
                                                                                                                                                        2. antiparallel
                                                                                                                                                    2. double helix
                                                                                                                                                      1. contain many genes
                                                                                                                                                      2. RNA - ribonucleic acid
                                                                                                                                                        1. Uracil
                                                                                                                                                          1. mRNA
                                                                                                                                                            1. only one polynucleotide strand
                                                                                                                                                              1. ribose sugar
                                                                                                                                                              2. DNA repliction
                                                                                                                                                                1. semi conservative replication
                                                                                                                                                                  1. helicase
                                                                                                                                                                    1. hydrogen bonds
                                                                                                                                                                    2. DNA polymerase
                                                                                                                                                                      1. join
                                                                                                                                                                      2. template
                                                                                                                                                                        1. free floating nucleotides
                                                                                                                                                                          1. complementary
                                                                                                                                                                            1. original
                                                                                                                                                                          2. protein synthesis
                                                                                                                                                                            1. gene
                                                                                                                                                                              1. 3 bases
                                                                                                                                                                                1. order
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. codes
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. amino acids
                                                                                                                                                                              2. mutations
                                                                                                                                                                                1. changes
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. overall 3D shape
                                                                                                                                                                                2. mRNA
                                                                                                                                                                              3. Enzymes
                                                                                                                                                                                1. intracellular
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. extracellular
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. globular proteins
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. active site
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. tertiary structure
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. substrate
                                                                                                                                                                                            1. enzyme substrate complex
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. complementary
                                                                                                                                                                                            2. speed up
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. activation energy for reaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                1. reduce this
                                                                                                                                                                                                2. anabolic
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. reducing any repulsion
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. join more easily
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. catabolic
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. strain on bonds in the substrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. break more easily
                                                                                                                                                                                                  3. lock and key
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. complementary shape
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. induced fit
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. tight
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. enzyme substrate complex
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. changed shape
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. only one particular substrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. Temperature
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. heat = kinetic energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. more likely to collide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. energy of collisions increases
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2. optimum temperature
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. too high
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. vibrate more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. breaks bonds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. 3D structure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. active site - denatured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. no enzyme substrate complex
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. reaction stops
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. pH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. optimum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. acidic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. H+ ions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. alkaline
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. OH- ions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. break hydrogen and ionic bonds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. tertiary structure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. denatured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. Enzyme concentration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. increased conc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. more enzyme molecules
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. more likely to collide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. enzyme substrate complex
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. increase rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. limited amount of substrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. at some point
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. no further effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3. substrate concentration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. increase conc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. more substrate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. more enzyme substrate complexes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. increased rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. limited amount of enzymes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. saturation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. all active sites are occupied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. no further effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3. cofactors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. inorganic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. unchanged
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. help make enzyme-substrate complex
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. coenzymes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. organic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. changed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. carriers - moving chemical groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. enzyme inhibitors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. competitive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. similar shape
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. relative conc.s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. noncompetitive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. bind away from active site
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. change shape
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. no longer bind
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. reversible / non-reversible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. strength of bond
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. strong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. inhibitor can't be removed easily
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. irreversible
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