Motivation

sinead_oco
Mind Map by sinead_oco, updated more than 1 year ago
sinead_oco
Created by sinead_oco over 6 years ago
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mng100- learning outcome 2

Resource summary

Motivation
  1. Content theories looks at the need an individual requires
    1. Malsows heirachy of needs of safety, economic, political and legal, psycholigcal and self accuraltion
      1. clayton broke the 5 needs into 3. existence, relantance and growth
      2. 2 factor theory - hygiene- the actual environment and satisfying the indivdual needs
        1. 3 needs power, growth and the need for relationship and expectance
        2. process theories look at the step involved in an indivdual to make a decision about the behaviour they choose
          1. Vroom theory expectancy (can i do it) X the outcome x the value of the task. all these are required to ensure one is kept motivated in perfroming there tasks
            1. Adam equity thory - the social comparision in the organisation play a role in the indivdual motivation
              1. Lewins theory look at goal setting and the need for the goal to be a challenge to ensure the individual is getting the most out of the goal and stasfied with completing the task
                1. expectancy theory - the manager needs to ensure that the rewards is valued and of purpose to the indivdual.
                2. manager can motivate an individual by
                  1. empowerment and encouragement.
                    1. job rotation - keep the job interest giving employee different things to do
                      1. job enlargement - giving the employee new tasks
                        1. job enrichement - giving the employee a promotion or more responsbility
                        2. guide, encourage employee to perform to the best of there abilities and in line of the organisation strategic objective.
                          1. Instrintic rewards - given by the individual
                            1. extrinstic rewards - given by someone else such as employee of the month
                            2. reinforcement theory - behaviour of an indivdual is determined by the consquence of the behaviour .
                              1. positive reinformcent, negative reinfrocement, punshiment
                              2. Remunration- is what the employee recieves for there work
                                1. merit pay
                                  1. pay for performance
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