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Cytology

Description

cytologyyy
Chutikan Srisang
Mind Map by Chutikan Srisang, updated more than 1 year ago
Chutikan Srisang
Created by Chutikan Srisang over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Cytology
  1. Cytoplasm
    1. Ground Substance
      1. Cell membrane
        1. Organelles
          1. Membranous
            1. ER
              1. rER
                1. Protein syn.
                  1. Post-translational Mod.
                    1. Basophilic
                    2. sER
                      1. Steroid hormone syn.
                    3. Golgi
                      1. Carb syn.
                        1. Packaging
                          1. Halo area
                          2. Mitochondria
                            1. ATP syn.
                            2. Lysosome
                              1. Enzymatic digestion
                                1. Contain acid hydrolase
                              2. Non-membranous
                                1. Ribosome
                                  1. Protein syn.
                                  2. Cytoskeleton
                                    1. Microtubule
                                      1. Polarized
                                        1. Movement
                                          1. Biggest
                                            1. Centriole
                                              1. 9+0
                                            2. Microfilament
                                              1. Muscle
                                                1. Contraction
                                                  1. 2 chains of globular sub unit = Actin
                                                  2. Intermediate filament
                                                    1. tensile strength
                                                      1. Rope like
                                                2. Inclusion
                                                  1. Endogenous
                                                    1. Melanin
                                                      1. Skin&Retina
                                                        1. Brown
                                                        2. Hemosiderin
                                                          1. Iron storage complex
                                                            1. Spleen
                                                              1. Gold
                                                              2. Lipofuscin
                                                                1. yellow to brown
                                                                  1. represent undigestible remnent
                                                                    1. found in long-live cell
                                                                  2. Exogenous
                                                                    1. yellow to brown pigment in liver
                                                                2. Nucleus
                                                                  1. Nuclear membrane
                                                                    1. Chromatin
                                                                      1. Heterochromatin (inactive)
                                                                        1. Pyknotic nucleus = necrosis = cell death
                                                                        2. Euchromatin (active)
                                                                          1. DNA >> RNA
                                                                        3. Nucleolus
                                                                          1. Basophilic with H&E
                                                                        4. Cell cycle& Cell division
                                                                          1. Interphase
                                                                            1. G1
                                                                              1. G2
                                                                              2. Mitosis
                                                                              3. Cell surface specialization
                                                                                1. Cilia
                                                                                  1. Micrutubule:9+2
                                                                                  2. Flagella
                                                                                    1. Microvilli
                                                                                      1. Actin
                                                                                      2. Stereocilia
                                                                                        1. Epididymis
                                                                                          1. Non motile
                                                                                        2. Intercellular junction
                                                                                          1. Tight junction
                                                                                            1. Desmosome
                                                                                              1. Spiny projection
                                                                                                1. Skin
                                                                                                2. Gap junction
                                                                                                  1. Cardiac muscle
                                                                                                    1. ion channel, low resistance
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