Ethanol- chemistry

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Ethanol- chemistry

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1 Melting point - 156K
1.1 Boiling point - 351K
2 Soluble in water
3 Used in medicines
3.1 EG ; Tinchure iodine, cough syrups & many tonics
4 Liquid at room temperature
5 CH3CH2OH - Chemical formula
6 Reaction of Ethanol with Sodium 2Na + 2Ch3Ch2OH 2Ch3Ch2ONa + H2O Alcohols react with Sodium leading to the evolution of Hydrogen. With Ethanol , The other product is Sodium Ethoxide
7 Consumption in  Small quantities- Causes drunkness  Large quantities- lead to health problems
8 Reaction to give unsaturated hydrocarbons: Heating ethanol at 443K with excess concentrated sulphuric acid results in the dehydration of ethanol to give ethene-CH3 CH2OH gives CH2=CH2+Water The concentrated sulphuric acid can be regarded as dehydrating agent which removes water from ethanol
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