Choosing a Research Method

*Ellie*
Mind Map by *Ellie*, updated more than 1 year ago
*Ellie*
Created by *Ellie* about 7 years ago
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finished sociology (Sociological Methods) Mind Map on Choosing a Research Method, created by *Ellie* on 04/10/2013.
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Choosing a Research Method
1 Types of data
1.1 Primary + Secondary sources of data
1.1.1 Primary-collected by sociologist, Eg social surveys, participant observation
1.1.2 Secondary-collected by someone else Eg official stats, documents (quick, cheap but may not provide the exact info needed)
1.2 Quantitative + Qualitative
2 Factors influencing choice of method
2.1 Practical issues
2.1.1 Time + money
2.1.2 Requirements of funding bodies-the sociologist needs to collect the data the funding body has asked for
2.1.3 Personal skills and characteristics (P observation) = unrepresentative
2.1.4 Subject matter (questionnaire for people who can't read)
2.1.5 Research opportunity
2.2 Ethical issues
2.2.1 Informed consent
2.2.2 Confidentiality and privacy
2.2.3 Effects on research participants- illegal activity/psych harm
2.2.4 Vulnerable groups
2.2.5 Covert research= deception, social desirability
2.3 Theoretical issues
2.3.1 Validity-qualitative method
2.3.2 Reliability-quantitative method
2.3.3 Representativeness
2.3.4 Methodological perspective
2.3.4.1 Positivists-prefer quantitative, seek patterns of behaviour,
2.3.4.2 Interpretivists-prefer qualitative data, seek meanings, reject the view that sociology is a science
2.4 Choice of topic
2.4.1 Theoretical perspective (feminist, etc)
2.4.2 Society's values (society's affect on the sociologist)
2.4.3 Funding bodies
2.4.4 Practical factors-inaccessibility to situations
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