Succession

prettypriyaz
Mind Map by prettypriyaz, updated more than 1 year ago
prettypriyaz
Created by prettypriyaz about 6 years ago
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A-level BIOL4 Mind Map on Succession, created by prettypriyaz on 16/01/2014.
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Succession
1 is the gradual change of a community over time
1.1 Habitat becomes less hostile
1.1.1 Stablised soil- Sand dune
1.2 1. Colonisation of pioneer species
1.2.1 are very small slow growing, wind dispersed and tolerant of extreme conditions,
1.3 2. Pioneer Species change the environment
1.3.1 E.g increase in organic matter
2 3. New Species colonise once there is a change
2.1 4. Increase in the number of species diversity
2.1.1 5. More Niches
2.1.1.1 6. Increase in nutrient avaliablity
2.1.1.1.1 7. Change from one extreme conditions to less hostile environment
3 Climax Community is the end point of Succession
3.1 Energy input= Energy output
3.2 Energy produced from photosynthesis= Energy released in respiration.
3.3 Community is stable
4 Conservation of Habitats
4.1 Ethical
4.1.1 Other species have occupied the Earth far longer than we have and should be allowed to coexist with us.
4.2 Grassland
4.2.1 maintained by grazing animals
4.3 Hedgerows and field margin
4.3.1 They are maintained by occasional cutting back to prevent succession to climax forest.
4.4 Moorland
4.4.1 maintained by periodic burning
4.5 Wetlands
4.5.1 maintained by dredging to prevent silting succession.

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