Oceans as a resource

Iskandar Aþnan
Mind Map by Iskandar Aþnan, updated more than 1 year ago
Iskandar Aþnan
Created by Iskandar Aþnan almost 4 years ago
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Description

A summary of some resources that humans get from the ocean.
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Resource summary

Oceans as a resource
1 Abiotic resources
1.1 Fossil fuels
1.1.1 Oil

Annotations:

  • Continental shelf. Persian Gulf: 66% world's oil reserves. Arguably the most important source of energy worldwide. Countries that possess oil have a great degree of political power.
1.1.2 Gas

Annotations:

  • Continental shelf. Persian Gulf: 33% world's gas reserves. One of the world's most valuable sources of energy.
1.2 Metals
1.2.1 Gold

Annotations:

  • Ocean floor.
1.2.2 Manganese

Annotations:

  • Ocean floor. Nodules on abyssal plain.
1.2.3 Silver
1.2.4 Copper
1.2.5 Tin
1.2.6 Titanium
1.2.7 Cobalt
1.3 Minerals
1.3.1 Diamonds

Annotations:

  • Continental shelf off Africa and Indonesia.
1.3.2 Sulphur

Annotations:

  • Ocean ridges & rift valleys.
1.3.3 Sand

Annotations:

  • Continental shelf.
1.3.4 Gravel

Annotations:

  • Continental shelf.
2 Biotic resources
2.1 Fish

Annotations:

  • Overfishing of popular fish species has become an issue. Unsustainable fishing is brought about through the use of trawlers and the accumulation of bycatch. Line and pole fishing has been encouraged by NGOs to avoid catching the wrong fish. Dolphins, sharks, and even whales have been known to get caught in trawler nets.
2.1.1 Red snapper
2.1.2 Cod
2.2 Shellfish
2.2.1 Shrimp
3 Underwater cables
3.1 Internet

Annotations:

  • Much of the world's connection to the internet is still maintained by cables between continents. Disruptions in these cables could have catastrophic effects to the world's economic systems, which nowadays are almost entirely run by computers communicating with each other.
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