Early Childhood Diseases

Shaylan Watts
Mind Map by Shaylan Watts, updated more than 1 year ago
Shaylan Watts
Created by Shaylan Watts almost 5 years ago
29
1

Description

PNA Nursing Mind Map on Early Childhood Diseases, created by Shaylan Watts on 10/11/2016.

Resource summary

Early Childhood Diseases
  1. Chickenpox
    1. Transmission

      Annotations:

      • Respiratory secretions Contact with skin lesions Incubation 2-3wks
      1. Rash on Trunk with less on limbs
        1. Treatment

          Annotations:

          • Antiviral Acyclovir VZIG in high risk Diphenhydramine for itching
          1. Nursing Management

            Annotations:

            • Isolation Daily tepid baths Calamine lotion Keep fingernails short
          2. Diphtheria
            1. Transmission

              Annotations:

              • Direct contact with nasal discharge, skin or lesions
              1. Characteristics

                Annotations:

                • FeverMalaiseHighly Puritic rashMacule to vesicle PseudomembraneLymphadenopathy
                1. Complications

                  Annotations:

                  • Myocarditis Neuritis
                  1. Treatment

                    Annotations:

                    • PCN or Erythromycin Complete bedrest to prevent myocarditis
                    1. Nursing Management

                      Annotations:

                      • Isolation Epinephrine available Observe respirations for obstruction Humidified Oxygen
                    2. Fifth Disease
                      1. Transmission Unknown
                        1. Characteristics

                          Annotations:

                          • Facial rash with "slapped face" appearance Maculopapular red spots on extremities
                          1. Complications

                            Annotations:

                            • Self limited arthritis Arthralgia
                            1. Treatment

                              Annotations:

                              • Antipyretics and Analgesics
                              1. Nursing Management

                                Annotations:

                                • Avoid pregnant women Isolation not necessary
                              2. Roseola
                                1. Transmission Unknown
                                  1. Characteristics

                                    Annotations:

                                    • 6mos-3yrs:       High fever in well appearing child       Pink macules on trunk that spread to neck, face and extremities      Not itchy      Lymphadenopathy      Inflammed pharynx      Cough      Coryza
                                    1. Complications

                                      Annotations:

                                      • Recurrent febrile seizures Rarely encephalitis
                                      1. Treatment

                                        Annotations:

                                        • Antipyretics for fever
                                        1. Nursing Management

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Discuss Precautions if prone to febrile seizures
                                        2. Measles
                                          1. Transmission

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Respiratory Droplet Direct contact with secretions, blood or urine
                                            1. Characteristics

                                              Annotations:

                                              • Fever Malaise Cough Conjunctivitis Photophobia Koplik Spots in mouth Red rash on face that spreads downward Anorexia Lymphadenopathy Desquamation
                                              1. Complications

                                                Annotations:

                                                • Otitis Pneumonia Bronchiolitis Obstructive Laryngitis Encephalitis
                                                1. Treatment

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • Supportive care
                                                  1. Nursing Management

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Respiratory Isolation until 5th day of rash Antipyretics Dim lights Examine Cornea for signs of ulceration Vaporizer Tepid Baths
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