Psychodynamic Approach

Megan McLean
Mind Map by Megan McLean, updated more than 1 year ago
Megan McLean
Created by Megan McLean about 6 years ago


Over view of the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology

Resource summary

Psychodynamic Approach
1 ID
1.1 Driven by the pleasure principle
1.1.1 Innate drive to seek immediate satisfaction
1.2 Irrational and primitive
1.3 Unconscious
2 Ego
2.1 Driven by the reality principle
2.2 Developed when child cannot get what it wants
2.2.1 Makes child accommodate to the demands of the environment
2.2.2 By age 1
2.3 Conscious and rational part of the psyche
3 Superego
3.1 Develops at age five
3.2 "Above-I"
3.3 Embodies our conscious
3.4 Sense of right and wrong
4 Ego defences
4.1 Ego mediates between id and superego
4.1.1 Constant conflicting demands
4.2 Reduces the anxiety experienced because of the conflict
4.2.1 Repression Putting the memory in the unconscious
4.2.2 Projection Blaming someone else
4.2.3 Denial
4.2.4 Displacement Venting anger somewhere else
4.2.5 Intellectualisation
4.2.6 Regression Behaving like a child
5 Outline of approach
5.1 Mental disorder result from psychological sources, not physical
5.1.1 Unresolved childhood issues
5.2 Unresolved conflicts cause mental disorder
5.2.1 Ego defence mechanisms Cause the changes in behaviour
5.3 Early experiences can cause mental disorder
5.3.1 In childhood ego is not developed enough to cope with trauma Loss Parent Close relative Trauma Car crash Illness Tragic events Made homeless Loss Trauma
5.4 Unconscious motivations can cause mental disorder
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