Nyiragongo Volcano, Africa

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Nyiragongo Case study

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Nyiragongo Volcano, Africa
1 Primary Effects
1.1 Causes
1.1.1 Disturbed by moving plates
1.1.1.1 East African rift valley
1.2 Impacts
1.2.1 Lava spilling southwards in 3 streams
1.2.1.1 Speed=60kph
1.2.1.2 Flowed on runway of Goma airport
1.2.1.2.1 And through the town, splitting in in half
1.2.2 Lava destroyed many homes, roads, water pipes, set off explosions in fuel stores & power plants
1.2.2.1 45 KILLED
2 Secondary Effects
2.1 Responses
2.1.1 1/2million people fled to Rwanda- neighbouring Goma
2.1.2 They spent the night sleeping on streets of Gisenyi
2.1.2.1 No shelter, electricity or clean water as area could not cope with the influx
2.1.2.1.1 Dieseases such as cholera were real risk
2.1.3 People were frightened of going back
2.1.4 Looting was a problem at Goma
2.1.5 People returned within a weak hoping for aid
2.1.5.1 Aid agencies including Christian Aid and Oxfam helped distribute food + medicine + blankets
2.1.6 Aftermath= Water had to be supplied in tankers

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