Regeneration in Plymouth

RoryFlynn2
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-level Geography G2 (Plymouth) Mind Map on Regeneration in Plymouth, created by RoryFlynn2 on 05/14/2013.

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RoryFlynn2
Created by RoryFlynn2 over 6 years ago
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Taxonomy Roscoff shore
Salvatore Giordano
Regeneration in Plymouth
1 Devonport
1.1 Initial high employment rate
1.1.1 After WWII and Cold War demand for ships + dockyard decreased
1.2 Manufacturing began abroad + unemployment increased
1.2.1 Maximum of 3000 people still employed
1.3 Unemployment resulted in decline
1.3.1 Deprivation, social, crime, alcoholism, drug abuse, ghettoisation
1.4 Mt Wise area very deprived
1.4.1 Unemployment reached 80%
1.4.2 Damp
1.4.3 Cars burnt out
1.4.4 Out of control youths
1.4.5 Houses dilapidated
1.5 1989 - Christine Watts
1.5.1 Lead of women's group
1.5.2 Campaigned for grants
1.5.2.1 Awarded with £3 million in 1993 by EU
1.5.2.1.1 Evidence of redevelopment!
1.5.2.1.1.1 50% of people returned to the area - architects worked with residents
1.5.2.1.1.1.1 Private gardens
1.5.2.1.1.1.2 Traffic free
1.5.2.1.1.1.3 Energy efficient buildings
1.5.2.1.1.1.4 Full time youth worker
1.6 1999 - Further £10 million grant
1.6.1 2001 - 'Devonport Regeneration Community Partnership'
1.6.1.1 £49 million grant from the government
1.6.1.2 Major improvements
1.6.1.2.1 Colourful + modern
1.6.1.2.2 Lots of windows in flats
1.6.1.2.3 Artwork + gates
1.6.1.2.4 Vegetation
1.6.1.2.5 Improved roads + pavement
2 Stonehouse, Royal William Yard
2.1 1820s to support navy
2.1.1 Slaughterhouse
2.1.2 Bakery
2.1.3 Brewery
2.2 Area became derelict in 1950s
2.2.1 Was not allowed to be knocked down
2.3 Was bought in 1993 by Plymouth Development Co
2.3.1 Improved area then opened it to buyers
2.4 1998 - RDE invested heavily
2.4.1 Converted buildings into flats, shops cafes and restaurants
2.4.1.1 Resulted in a mix of social classes
2.4.1.1.1 Created conflict
2.5 2000 - Urban Splash bought + developed
2.5.1 Luxury flats, offices and accommodation
2.5.2 Sustainable community created
2.5.3 Use of water taxis to get into CBD
3 Mutley
3.1 On main road out of city
3.2 Originally large grand family houses
3.2.1 Substantial and well built
3.3 Located close to CBD + Train station
3.4 Bus routes nearby
3.5 Mostly Edwardian + Victorian houses
3.6 High street built in 1960s
3.6.1 Suburban shopping centre
3.6.1.1 Thrived until 1980s - out of town shopping centres affected it negatively
3.7 Most buildings now converted for student accommodation
3.7.1 Landlords + rent
3.7.2 It is close to the university
3.7.3 STUDENTIFICATION
3.7.4 70% student populated
3.7.5 Cultural diversity has increased
3.7.6 Services + shops changed to make profit from students
4 Millfields gated community, Plymouth
4.1 Owned by wealthy people, private houses
4.2 Literal wall built around homes
4.3 Often converted from a previous building
4.3.1 In this case, an old hospital
4.4 Often retired/ late age people
4.4.1 Homogeneous
4.5 Reaction to multi-cultural societies
4.6 Extreme forms of segregation and division/ seclusion
5 Southway
5.1 Northern suburbs of Plymouth
5.1.1 Built in 1950's in an attempt to diversify economy since navy and MOD economy faded away
5.1.1.1 Workers would live near by factories
5.2 6 miles from city centre
5.2.1 Was once countryside between SW and CBD
5.2.2 Isolated from rest of Plymouth
5.2.2.1 Some public transport but not much
5.3 Blocks of flats with large spaces between
5.3.1 Low density buildings
5.3.1.1 65% terraced
5.3.2 Not energy efficient
5.3.2.1 Thin walls
5.3.2.2 No insulation
5.3.2.3 No double glazing
5.3.3 Flat roofs
5.3.3.1 Cheap
5.3.3.2 Popular + modern at the time
5.3.4 No direct vehicle access
5.4 Unemployment increased as factories go bust
5.5 Example of suburbanisation and brownfield site development
5.6 Mostly elderly population - 60-79yr olds
5.7 Educational attainment - avg of 5 A* - C grades

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