Clinical Pathoanatomy MCQs (Qs 491 - 530)

Thinkwell  J
Quiz by Thinkwell J, updated more than 1 year ago
Thinkwell  J
Created by Thinkwell J over 3 years ago
195
20

Description

Quiz on Clinical Pathoanatomy MCQs (Qs 491 - 530), created by Thinkwell J on 01/18/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The upper outer quadrant of the breast shows dense node, well delimited and movable to the surrounding tissue and skin. Histological examination established proliferated and expanded ducts of the breast with spherical shape and the surrounding connective tissues that does not deform them. Breast lobules are not seen. Give the diagnosis of the process!
Answer
  • chronic fibrocystic breast
  • lipogranuloma
  • lipoma
  • pericanalicular fibroadenoma

Question 2

Question
Autopsy of a 67 year old with cancer of the ascending colon. Skin, mucous membranes and internal organs are pale, the heart is a 'tiger' types, the bone marrow of flat bones is hyperplastic, and in the long bones it is the hyperplastic and 'red'. Point out the correct diagnosis of the hematopoetic system!
Answer
  • iron deficiency anemia
  • hemolytic anemia
  • pernicious anemia
  • aplastic anemia

Question 3

Question
At an autopsy, a large part of one of the lungs is soft, grey colour with an unpleasant odor and the surrounding lung tissue is atelectatic. Histologically is seen necrosis with many microorganisms. No inflammatory reactions is seen. Give the correct diagnosis!
Answer
  • emphysema
  • lung carcinoma
  • lung abscess
  • lung gangrene

Question 4

Question
18-year old girl is with tumor formation in the abdomen. An operation is done and a cystic tumor of the left ovary with the size of 10cm is removed. Cutting of the tumor shows little protrusion at one pole of the cyst and the contents are fat and hair. Histologically are observed improperly mixed tissues from all three germ laters - ecto - , meso- and endoderm. Determine the type of tumor;
Answer
  • serous cystadenoma
  • papillary cystadenoma
  • mucinous cystadenocarcinoma
  • mature teratoma

Question 5

Question
At necropsy the gastric mucosa is strongly hypertophied. Gastric mucosal folds are large, curved, swollen resembling brain gyri. Which of the following is correct
Answer
  • acute gastritis
  • chronic gastritis
  • carcinoma of the stomach
  • hypertrophic gastritis of Menetrier

Question 6

Question
Autopsy of 27 year old woman find in the lungs numerous gray-yellowish nodules in the size of the millet grain and dense texture, In the subarachnoid space of the basal surface of the brain between the cruris cerebri around the optic chiasma is see abundant gelatinous, yellowish exudate and along the blood vessels - nodules with the same characteristic as in the lungs. What is the disease of the nervous system
Answer
  • purulent meningitis
  • encephalitis
  • serous meningitis
  • tuberculous meningitis

Question 7

Question
An elderly with complaints of severe chest pain that spread to the left arm was admitted in emergency cardiac surgery. A surgical intervention with placement of two bypasses was performed and the patient's life was saved. What disease caused the complaints
Answer
  • angina pectoris
  • atherosclerosis
  • myocardial infarction
  • Prinzmetal angina

Question 8

Question
If thrombosis occurs a few days after surgery of popliteal vein and causes death due to massive pulmonary embolism, the main disease is:
Answer
  • what has given rise to surgery
  • the surgical operation
  • thrombosis of v. poplitea
  • massive pulmonary thrombosis

Question 9

Question
The autopsy of 27 years old woman revealed numerous grayish yellow nodules in the lungs with size of a grain and dense consistency. On the brain was found gelatinous yellowish exudate mainly on the base, around the chiasm and Sylvian fissure. Around the vessels were visible single nodules with the same characteristics as in the lungs. What is the process in the lungs
Answer
  • abscessing pneumonia
  • pneunomia crouposa
  • miliary tuberculosis
  • silicosis

Question 10

Question
A 50years old male present with angina pectoris. Coronary angiography reveals a 75% narrowing of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. Which of the following cells is least likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of his coronary artery lesion
Answer
  • monocytes
  • smooth muscle cells
  • platelets
  • neutrophils

Question 11

Question
*During third trimester of pregnancy, a 28 year old woman discovers a lump in her right breast. It is circumscribed, 2cm, freely movable mass beneath the nipple. After delivery of a term infant the mass appears to decrease slightly in size. This breast lesion is most likely to be a (an): *NB: There is no marked answer in the MCQs book (Q501) so i ticked the one i thought is the correct answer...
Answer
  • intraductatal papilloma
  • phyllodes tumor
  • fibroadenoma
  • lobular carcinoma in situ

Question 12

Question
A patient was admitted to the surgical department with clinical signs of acute abdomen and died before the surgical intervention. The autopsy revealed bluish to dark red color of the jejunum and part of the ileum. Intestines were inflated and when opened - with leakages of bloody matter. The histological examination of the intestinal wall showed hemorrhagic infarction. In what pathological process can be described the picture observed
Answer
  • acute hemorrhagic necrosis of the pancreas
  • phlegmonous appendicitis
  • acute viral enteritis
  • mesenteric thrombosis

Question 13

Question
The autopsy of 57 years old female revealed papillary formation in the area of the trigonum of the urinary bladder, which significantly narrowed the urethra. Ureters and renal pelvis were highly enlarged and the renal parenchyma was thin. Point out the changes in the kidneys
Answer
  • hydronephrosis
  • bug white kidney
  • glomerulonephritic nephrosclerotic
  • atrophy of pressure

Question 14

Question
The autopsy of 67 years old woman revealed carcinoma of the ascending colon with significant size. The skin, mucous membranes and internal organs were pale, the bone marrow in the long bones was red and the heart appeared as ''tiger heart''. Set the correct diagnosis of the changes in the hematopoietic system
Answer
  • iron deficiency anemia
  • hemolytic anemia
  • pernicious anemia
  • aplastic anemia

Question 15

Question
At the autopsy of a 29 day old baby with total hypotrophy is observe: diffuse purulent inflammation of the skin (pyoderma), cyanosis of the phalanges and the mucosal membranes, bilateral fibrino-purulent pleuritic and dense subpleural areas in the black parts of the lungs. What is the most probable etiological agent of the infection and how was the baby affected
Answer
  • steptococcus pneumoniae
  • staphylococcus aureus
  • the infection was due to intestinal obstruction
  • this is an example of nosocomial infection

Question 16

Question
The autopsy of 41years old man the whole middle lobe of the right lung is firm, greyish, airless. The cut surface is finely granular and the texture resembles that of the liver. The adjacent pleural surface is covered by fibrino-purulent exudate. What is the diagnosis
Answer
  • lung abscess
  • fungal pneumonia
  • pneumonia crouposa
  • pneumoconiosis

Question 17

Question
The autopsy of 41years old man the whole middle lobe of the right lung is firm, greyish, airless. The cut surface is finely granular and the texture resembles that of the liver. The adjacent pleural surface is covered by fibrino-purulent exudate. On which day of the illness did death occur
Answer
  • 2nd day
  • 10th day
  • 14th - 16th day
  • 4th - 6th day

Question 18

Question
A 33 year old woman complains of fatigue, night sweats and unilateral enlarged lymph nodes for several months. The biopsy shows effaced lymph node structure with multiple inflammatory cells - small mature lymphocytes, eosinophils, macrophages. Large bean-shaped nuclei, located with its concave parts as in 'mirror'image and 1 or 2 well visible red nucleoli. Lymph nodes are dissected by strands of connective tissue that creates the impression of nested structure of the lymph nodes. CT scan of the abdominal organs and the bone marrow biopsy show no pathological changes. Identify the lymphoma, its form and stage
Answer
  • non-hodgkin large cell b-cell lymphoma in 2nd stage
  • non-hodgkin t-cell lymphoma in 1st stage
  • hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis, 1st stage
  • hodgkin lymphoma, nodular sclerosis, 2nd stage

Question 19

Question
At autopsy of a 39yers old man was found: enlarged 6kgs spleen, liver - 4.5kgs, greyish (purulent) bone marrow and plenty of post-mortem clots in the blood vessels. In the cleft large brain hemisphere there is a blood clot, which destroy brain tissue. What is the diagnosis and the cause of death
Answer
  • chronic lymphogenic leucosis; brain hemorrhage
  • chronic myeloleukemia; brain hemorrhage
  • chronic myeloleukemia; brain infarction
  • congenital abnormality
  • none of the above

Question 20

Question
At autopsy of a 39yers old man was found: enlarged 6kgs spleen, liver - 4.5kgs, greyish (purulent) bone marrow and plenty of post-mortem clots in the blood vessels. In the cleft large brain hemisphere there is a blood clot, which destroy brain tissue. What is the reason for the hepato- splenomegaly
Answer
  • portal hypertension
  • extramedullary hematopoiesis
  • congenital abnormality
  • none of the above

Question 21

Question
The examination of the oral cavity of 42yrs old patient shows slightly elevated pale plaque-like lesion with uneven surface, slit spaces and erosive areas, located on the back surface of the tongue and the mouth floor. It cannot be scrapped off. Two week antibiotic therapy is not helpful. Incisional biopsy is done. The pathologist describes hyperkeratosis, parakeratosiss, acanthosis of the epirthelium, severe chronic inflammation, but also disorganisation and moderate cellular atypia in the basal two thirds of the stratified squamous epithelium. The integrity of the basal membrane is retained. What is the clinical diagnosis
Answer
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • in situ squamous cell carcinoma
  • leukoplakia with moderate dysplasia
  • leukoplakia without dysplasia

Question 22

Question
A 53 yrs old woman is diagnosed with malignant lymphoma based on a biopsy of a painless moderately mobile nodule, located on the left, supraclavicularly. She complains of weakness, palpable peripheral lymph nodes. From the laboratory results: iron deficiency anemia, hypo-proteinemia. The biopsy was sent for revision. What conclusion do you expect from the consulting pathologist and how could it be proved
Answer
  • B-cell large lymphoma, proved using immunohistochemistry
  • metastasis from gastric carcinoma, proved with PAS, PAS control and immunohostochemistry
  • recommendation for gastroscopy
  • Mantoux test

Question 23

Question
The autopsy of a 28 yrs old male shows expressed changes in the kidneys and lungs. The lungs are enlarged, heavy, with rusty color. Histologically, there are multiple hemorrhages, fibrinoid necrosis of alveolar wall, hemosiderophages in the alveoli. The kidneys are enlarged, the cortex is widened, fleshy, with hemorrhages. The clinical diagnosis is crescentic glromerulonephritis. What is the final pathological diagnosis
Answer
  • rapidly progressing glomerulonephritis
  • mesangiocapillary glormerulophritis
  • Goodpasture syndrome
  • minimal change disease

Question 24

Question
The autopsy of a 28 yrs old male shows expressed changes in the kidneys and lungs. The lungs are enlarged, heavy, with rusty color. Histologically, there are multiple hemorrhages, fibrinoid necrosis of alveolar wall, hemosiderophages in the alveoli. The kidneys are enlarged, the cortex is widened, fleshy, with hemorrhages.The final pathological diagnosis is Goodpasture syndrome. Which are the most common clinical symptoms in this disease
Answer
  • non- productive cough; proteninuria
  • hemoptoe; hematuria
  • headache; tonsillitis
  • none of the above

Question 25

Question
The autopsy of a 28 yrs old male shows expressed changes in the kidneys and lungs. The lungs are enlarged, heavy, with rusty color. Histologically, there are multiple hemorrhages, fibrinoid necrosis of alveolar wall, hemosiderophages in the alveoli. The kidneys are enlarged, the cortex is widened, fleshy, with hemorrhages.The final pathological diagnosis is Goodpasture syndrome. What changes can be observed in the heart
Answer
  • cor villosum
  • left-sided heart failur
  • right-sided heart failure
  • cor bovinum

Question 26

Question
A 29yrs old nulluparous has a high grade intraepithelial lesion of the cervix. After the targeted biopsy, conization is done. The entire cervix is received at the laboratory and 16 cut sections are submitted. The biopsy report claims that in situ carcinoma is seen only in the area of the portio vaginalis coli uteri. The gynecologist considers the answer inadequate. Why?
Answer
  • the initial diagnosis was high grade dysplasia
  • there is no comment of the findings in the tip of the cone
  • there is no comment of the depth of the invasion into the myometrium
  • the gynecologist has no reason to complain

Question 27

Question
47 yrs old female has been sent to surgery for breast lump, attached to the adjacent tissues, measuring 4cm in diameter, located in the upper breast quadrant. The biopsy of the lump shows distorted breast structure small identical cells arranged in an 'Indian file' pattern. What is the diagnosis
Answer
  • fibroadenoma
  • fibro-cystic disease
  • thecoma
  • breast carcinoma

Question 28

Question
47 yrs old female has been sent to surgery for breast lump, attached to the adjacent tissues, measuring 4cm in diameter, located in the upper breast quadrant. The biopsy of the lump shows distorted breast structure small identical cells arranged in an 'Indian file' pattern. What type of tumor is described
Answer
  • ductal in situ carcinoma
  • fibroadenoma
  • invasive lobular carcinoma
  • invasive ductal carcinoma

Question 29

Question
At the autopsy of a 70yrs old male the prostate is enlarged, measuring 85gr, 6-7cm in diameter. The cut surface shows lobular architecture and preserved capsule. The prostate part of the urethra is folded and narrow. The urinary bladder shows hypertrophy of the muscle layer. Bladder mucosa is hyperemic and covered with fibrino-purulent exudate. Both ureters and pyelon are dilated. The kidneys are enlarged, but the parenchyma is thin. What is the diagnosis of the changes in the prostate and kidneys
Answer
  • benign prostate hyperplasia and renal cell carcinoma
  • benign prostate hyperplasia and hydronephrosis
  • prostate cancer and hydronephrosis
  • prostate cancer and renal cell cancer

Question 30

Question
30yrs old male patient, married with no children is admitted for surgery due to a right sided inguinal hernia. The right testis could not be palpated. The ultrasound reveals hypo-echogenic area measuring 5/5cm behind the urinary bladder. CT scan shows a mass measuring 2/1cm in close proximity to the inguinal canal. The tumor is resected. The histology shows 2 types of cells - large, highly atypical and monstrous, and small spindle shaped cells set among the blood mass. No stroma is seen. The human chorionic gonadotropin is highly elevated. What is the diagnosis
Answer
  • seminoma of the testis with retroperitoneal spread
  • androblastoma of the testis with retroperitoneal spread
  • choriocarcinoma of the testis with retroperitoneal spread
  • dermoid cyst of the retroperitoneum

Question 31

Question
30yrs old male patient, married with no children is admitted for surgery due to a right sided inguinal hernia. The right testis could not be palpated. The ultrasound reveals hypo-echogenic area measuring 5/5cm behind the urinary bladder. CT scan shows a mass measuring 2/1cm in close proximity to the inguinal canal. The tumor is resected. The histology shows 2 types of cells - large, highly atypical and monstrous, and small spindle shaped cells set among the blood mass. No stroma is seen. The human chorionic gonadotropin is highly elevated. Is there any relation between the 'missing' testis and the tumor formation
Answer
  • yes, it gave rise to the primary tumor mass
  • no, because it is far from the tumor mass behind the urinary bladder
  • yes, because it gave rise to a separate tumor
  • no, because it was removed in childhood

Question 32

Question
A 22 yr old female felt a painless nodule on the right side of her neck. She reported she underwent ionizing therapy years ago for a capillary hemangioma. Histologically, 3 lymph nodes structures were identified, entirely replaced by thyroid tissue. Some of the follicles show papillary structures, in which the lining epithelium is with large, vesicular, optically ''empty'' nuclei. Some of the papillae show calcium deposits. After the biopsy, thyroidectomy followed. What is your diagnosis of the findings in the lymph node
Answer
  • ectopic thyroid tissue
  • lymph node metastasis from thyroid carcinoma
  • metastasis from capillary hemangioma
  • Grave's disease

Question 33

Question
A 22 yr old female felt a painless nodule on the right side of her neck. She reported she underwent ionizing therapy years ago for a capillary hemangioma. Histologically, 3 lymph nodes structures were identified, entirely replaced by thyroid tissue. Some of the follicles show papillary structures, in which the lining epithelium is with large, vesicular, optically ''empty'' nuclei. Some of the papillae show calcium deposits. After the biopsy, thyroidectomy followed. What is the expected finding in the thyroid gland
Answer
  • Hashimoto thyroditis
  • Grave's disease
  • papillary thyroid carcinoma
  • follicular thyroid carcinoma

Question 34

Question
28yr old female complained from facial hair, lower type diabetes, fleshy stretch mark on the lower abdomen and arterial hypertension. CT reveals retroperitoneal tumor measuring 10/5/3cm, set above the kidney. Grossly, the tumor is lobular, tan-yellow, lacking a capsule. Histology shows nested structure. Tumor cells are with pale, vacuolar cytoplasm with centrally located nuclei. Cellular atypia is observed, large 'monstrous' cells are seen. Tumor emboli are found in the veins. What kind of neoplasm is described
Answer
  • benign kidney tumor
  • malignant kidney tumor
  • malignant suprarenal tumor
  • benign suprarenal tumor

Question 35

Question
28yr old female complained from facial hair, lower type diabetes, fleshy stretch mark on the lower abdomen and arterial hypertension. CT reveals retroperitoneal tumor measuring 10/5/3cm, set above the kidney. Grossly, the tumor is lobular, tan-yellow, lacking a capsule. Histology shows nested structure. Tumor cells are with pale, vacuolar cytoplasm with centrally located nuclei. Cellular atypia is observed, large 'monstrous' cells are seen. Tumor emboli are found in the veins. Specify your diagnosis taking into consideration the given data.
Answer
  • hormone active adenoma of the suprarenal gland
  • clear cell carcinoma of the kidney
  • adenocarcinoma of the suprarenal gland
  • suprarenal gland metastasis by clear cell lung carcinoma

Question 36

Question
13yrs old boy was sent back home from school due to general weakness, high fever and headache. In the evening a living skin rush appeared on his body. The lost consciousness his blood pressure dropped, the heart rate was rapid and arrhythmic. The boy died 16hrs after onset of the symptoms. The cerebrospinal fluid shows plenty of leucocytes, protein and coccoid flora-Neissria meningitides. The autopsy reveals large suprarenal glands transformed in to hemorrhagic 'pouches'. The brain shows to remarkable changes, mainly edema and small hemorrhages. Which is the main disease
Answer
  • epidemic meningitis
  • tuberculous meningitis
  • purulent meningitis
  • viral meningitis

Question 37

Question
13yrs old boy was sent back home from school due to general weakness, high fever and headache. In the evening a living skin rush appeared on his body. The lost consciousness his blood pressure dropped, the heart rate was rapid and arrhythmic. The boy died 16hrs after onset of the symptoms. The cerebrospinal fluid shows plenty of leucocytes, protein and coccoid flora-Neissria meningitides. The autopsy reveals large suprarenal glands transformed in to hemorrhagic 'pouches'. The brain shows to remarkable changes, mainly edema and small hemorrhages. Which is the complication of the main disease
Answer
  • acute polio encephalitis
  • meningococcal sepsis
  • suprarenal hemorrhagic infections
  • pyoderma

Question 38

Question
13yrs old boy was sent back home from school due to general weakness, high fever and headache. In the evening a living skin rush appeared on his body. The lost consciousness his blood pressure dropped, the heart rate was rapid and arrhythmic. The boy died 16hrs after onset of the symptoms. The cerebrospinal fluid shows plenty of leucocytes, protein and coccoid flora-Neissria meningitides. The autopsy reveals large suprarenal glands transformed in to hemorrhagic 'pouches'. The brain shows to remarkable changes, mainly edema and small hemorrhages. What is the cause of death
Answer
  • acute meningitis
  • acute polioencephalitis
  • pyoderma
  • Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrom (acute adrenal failure)

Question 39

Question
A well circumscribed nodule attached to dura mater was resected, greyish-white in color, firm, and measuring 4cm in diameter. The tumor is easily detached from the underlying dura and the underlying brain tissue shows a compression 'pit'. Which is the tumor
Answer
  • glioblastoma multiforme
  • shwannoma
  • meningioma
  • astrocytoma

Question 40

Question
The biopsy of a recurrent brain tumor shows polymorphous cells in a necrotic background. There are large giant multinucleated tumor cells, some of them highly atypical, called 'monstrous'. The tumor cells from palisades around the necrosis and hemorrhages. Idenfify the tumor
Answer
  • malignant meningioma
  • malignant schwannoma
  • glioblastoma multiforme
  • astrocytoma
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU
ST .
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
ST .
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU
ST .
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU
y r
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (111-200)- 3rd Year- PMU
y r
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (1-110)- 3rd Year- PMU
Novo Martin
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (401-519)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (401-519)- 3rd Year- PMU
ST .
General Pathoanatomy Final MCQs (301-400)- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student