Clinical Labs Test 1- PMU

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Clinical Labs Test 1- PMU
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Question 1

Question
What kind of biological material is used for clinical chemistry analysis:
Answer
  • EDTA plasma
  • Serum
  • Plasma with sodium citrate
  • Plasma with Li heparin

Question 2

Question
Plasma with anticoagulant sodium citrate is used for:
Answer
  • coagulation tests
  • clinical chemistry analysis
  • heavy metals
  • hematological parameters

Question 3

Question
List the standard conditions for preparation of the patient for clinic laboratory analysis 1) In the [blank_start]morning[blank_end]. 2) After a 12 h nutrition [blank_start]starving[blank_end] 3) No [blank_start]alcohol[blank_end] during the previous 24 h 4) No [blank_start]coffee[blank_end] and [blank_start]smoking[blank_end] before blood collection
Answer
  • morning
  • starving
  • alcohol
  • coffee
  • smoking

Question 4

Question
Mark the correct answer:
Answer
  • serum is the liquid, non-cellular portion of clotted blood
  • serum contains factors of coagulation
  • plasma is the liquid, non-cellular portion of clotted blood
  • serum is the liquid, non-cellular portion of anti coagulated blood

Question 5

Question
Capillary blood is used for analysis of:
Answer
  • hormones
  • heavy metals
  • blood sugar level
  • trace elements

Question 6

Question
Complete the following table
Answer
  • Serum
  • Serotology
  • Sodium citrate
  • Plasma
  • Sodium citrate

Question 7

Question
Good technique for collection of capillary blood, assiduously follows a step-by-step protocol without exception. List the procedures: 1. [blank_start]Interview[blank_end] the patient 2. Assemble [blank_start]supplies[blank_end] 3. Verify [blank_start]paperwork[blank_end] 4. [blank_start]Select[blank_end] skin puncture site 5. [blank_start]Warm[blank_end] skin puncture site 6. [blank_start]Cleanse[blank_end] skin puncture site 7. [blank_start]Perform[blank_end] the skin puncture – [blank_start]discard[blank_end] the [blank_start]first[blank_end] blood drop; [blank_start]collect[blank_end] blood; close the collection container
Answer
  • Interview
  • supplies
  • paperwork
  • Select
  • Warm
  • Cleanse
  • Perform
  • discard
  • first
  • collect

Question 8

Question
Mark the incorrect answer:
Answer
  • Random urine specimens should be collected in a chemically clean receptacle
  • Random urine specimens may be collected at any time
  • In collecting 24-hour specimens the first morning specimen is to be discarded
  • In collecting 24-hour specimens the first morning specimen is to be added in the container

Question 9

Question
What levels of Iron and TLBC (total Iron Binding Capacity) do you expect in Iron deficiency anemia?
Answer
  • decreased Iron, increased TIBC
  • decreased Iron, decreased TIBC
  • increased Iron, decreased TIBC
  • increased Iron, increased TIBC

Question 10

Question
For the qualitative investigation of urine is necessary:
Answer
  • first morning portion of urine, after toilet
  • diuresis for fixed time
  • to take the urine with catheter
  • to take the urine in fasting

Question 11

Question
Mark the right answer for urine collection (diuresis)
Answer
  • collection after morning toilet
  • collection the whole urine from the first to the last portion
  • the first portion is eliminated, the last is collected
  • urine collection till the vessel is full

Question 12

Question
Which of the following procedures is wrong?
Answer
  • conversation with the patient
  • selection of vein without haematome and intravenous infusion
  • strangulation of the prearmpit for a short time
  • tapping and massaging of the vein

Question 13

Question
What does hemolysis mean? Ans: [blank_start]Destruction[blank_end] of erythrocytes
Answer
  • Destruction

Question 14

Question
What does lipeamia mean? Ans: [blank_start]High[blank_end] fat concentration
Answer
  • High

Question 15

Question
Which of the following criteria is valid for rejection a specimen as unacceptable for testing?
Answer
  • Proper patient identification, storage and transport of samples to the laboratory
  • lmproper collection tube used, sample hemolized lipernic, or icteric, anticoagulated blood clotted, sample improperly transported
  • Carefully and strictly filled in examination form
  • Strict observation of procedures of venous puncture, urine collection and collection of other biological samples

Question 16

Question
The laboratory result is a function of many factors influencing the final value:
Answer
  • biological factors
  • pathological factors
  • factors in preanalytical stage
  • pathological, biological, preanalytical, analytical and postanalitical factors

Question 17

Question
Which biological material (serum or plasma) does not contain fibrinogen Ans: [blank_start]Serum[blank_end]
Answer
  • Serum

Question 18

Question
Capillary blood is used for analysis of: Blood [blank_start]gases[blank_end] [blank_start]Complete[blank_end] Blood Count [blank_start]Differential[blank_end] Blood Count [blank_start]ESR[blank_end] [blank_start]Glucose[blank_end]
Answer
  • gases
  • Complete
  • Differential
  • ESR
  • Glucose

Question 19

Question
Put in the correct order the sequence of blood collection tubes for examination: 1) Tubes for bacteriological examination (hemoculture 2) [blank_start]Serum[blank_end] 3) Plasma sodium [blank_start]citrate[blank_end] 4) [blank_start]ESR[blank_end] 5) Li [blank_start]Heparin[blank_end] 6) [blank_start]EDTA[blank_end]
Answer
  • Serum
  • citrate
  • ESR
  • Heparin
  • EDTA

Question 20

Question
Which are the biological factors with permanent activity of the variation of the results:
Answer
  • sex, race
  • age
  • body structure
  • stress

Question 21

Question
The reliable laboratory result
Answer
  • Real evaluation of the actual value of the examined parameters in biological fluids and tissues and it presents useful information
  • Depend on the the proper and timely collection
  • Is a function of a variety of factors
  • Is helpful for correct interpretation of laboratory parameters

Question 22

Question
Which of the following rules is not valid when a biological materials is taken for testing
Answer
  • to be taken in the morning fasting, after 12 hours fasting diet and 24 hours pause without alcohol and physical and psychical peace
  • to be taken in a seated position and the form to be filled carefully and strictly
  • to be observed the procedures for taking, keeping and transport of the biological material
  • the method for this test to be selected correctly
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