Prosection Sequence

melian.yates
Quiz by , created over 5 years ago

Doctorate Pathology Quiz on Prosection Sequence, created by melian.yates on 10/18/2013.

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melian.yates
Created by melian.yates over 5 years ago
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Question 1

Question
Step 1 of Prosection sequence includes:
Answer
  • External Examination
  • Body weight/condition score
  • External Abnormalities
  • Initial dissection

Question 2

Question
Step 2 of Prosection sequence (after external exam) includes:
Answer
  • Initial dissection
  • Axillary/ inguinal incisions
  • Joining incisions laterally & ventrally reflecting skin
  • Reflecting tongue

Question 3

Question
Step 3 of Prosection (after incision of axilliary/inguinal regions) includes:
Answer
  • Examination of peripheral lymph nodes
  • Reflection of tongue
  • Removal of adrenals

Question 4

Question
Step 4 of Prosection (After examination of peripheral lymph nodes) includes:
Answer
  • Reflection of tongue
  • Incise soft palate & Hyoid
  • Dissect oesophagus & trachea as one
  • Dissect oesophagus & trachea separately

Question 5

Question
What are the peripheral lymph nodes examined in step 3 ?
Answer
  • Submandibular, auxillary, prescapular
  • Submandibular, prescapular, popliteal
  • Prescapular, submandibular, inguinal

Question 6

Question
Step 5 of prosection (after reflection of the tongue) includes:
Answer
  • Cut abdominal muscles around costal arch
  • Incise abdominal wall down linea alba (Xiphoid to pubis)
  • Central midline incision
  • Open abdomen

Question 7

Question
Step 6 of prosection (after opening abdomen) includes:
Answer
  • Examine lymph nodes
  • Open thorax
  • Cut ribs from costal arch to thoracic inlet bilaterally
  • Remove abdominal organs for examination

Question 8

Question
Step 7 of prosection ( after opening thorax) includes:
Answer
  • Remove thoracic viscera
  • Separate trachea and oesophagus
  • Transect aorta and venacava
  • removal of trachea, heart and lungs leaving oesophagus in situ

Question 9

Question
Step 8 of Prosection ( after removal of thoracic viscera) includes:
Answer
  • Removal of abdominal viscera
  • Examination of abdominal viscera
  • Ligate and transect descending colon
  • Cut root of mesentery and remove intestines, stomach, liver and spleen as one unit

Question 10

Question
Step 9 or prosection (After removal of abdominal viscera) includes:
Answer
  • Removal of thyroid gland
  • Examination of abdominal viscera
  • Removal of adrenals
  • Removal of kidneys

Question 11

Question
Step 10 of prosection (After removal of adrenal glands) includes:
Answer
  • Removal of ventral pelvis to expose pelvic viscera
  • Freeing kidney and ureters
  • Dissection of major limb joints
  • Removal of urino-genital unit with encircling incision around anus

Question 12

Question
Step 11 of prosection (after removal of ventral pelvis) includes:
Answer
  • Dissection of kidneys
  • Examination of abdominal viscera
  • Dissection of major limb joints
  • Dissection of lymph nodes

Question 13

Question
Step 12 of prosection ( after dissection of major limb joints) includes:
Answer
  • Removal of head at alanto-occipital joint
  • saw off calvarium to expose brain
  • Incise meninges and remove brain (leave pituitary in situ)
  • Incise meninges and remove brain and pituitary

Question 14

Question
Step 13 of prosection (after removal of brain) includes:
Answer
  • Examination of individual organ systems
  • Examination of special sense organs
  • Examination of brain

Question 15

Question
Step 14 of prosection (After examination/removal of special sense organs) includes:
Answer
  • Examination of urinary system
  • Examination of lymph nodes
  • Examination of individual organ systems

Question 16

Question
Histopathology sampling should include:
Answer
  • Freeze tissue at -20 degrees C
  • Sensible sizes of tissue
  • Fixing in 10% Formalin
  • 10X volume of Formalin/ 1 volume of tisse

Question 17

Question
Toxicology of samples involves:
Answer
  • Freezing at 20 degrees C unfixed
  • Fixing in 10% formalin
  • Refrigerating at 4 degrees C

Question 18

Question
Cytology sampling involves:
Answer
  • Fixing in 10% formalin
  • Unfixed fluids sent to a lab ASAP
  • Smears are air dried
  • Freezing samples at - 20 degrees C