Treatment of Phobias

Adam O'Rourke
Flashcards by Adam O'Rourke, updated more than 1 year ago
Adam O'Rourke
Created by Adam O'Rourke about 8 years ago
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A-Levels Psychology (PSYB2 - Phobias/OCDs) Flashcards on Treatment of Phobias, created by Adam O'Rourke on 06/01/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Psychoanalysis Attempts to find the root cause Free association and dream analysis allow the therapist to look at the unconscious Oedipus complex is the most common source Henchy and Glass - Found the treatment to be effective over 375 cases
Two Key Aspects - Practice Relaxation Techniques - A stepped approach to getting the person to face their fear
Hierarchy of Fears Arrange tasks in order of difficulty eventually leading up to facing the object of the phobia
Lang and Lazovik Assessed the effectiveness of systematic desensitisation on fear of snakes Compared a group of people with the phobia that received the treatment with a group of people with the phobia that didn't receive the treatment Found that desensitisation has both effective long and short term effects
Flooding No gradual build up, no relaxation techniques, the person is exposed repeatedly and intensively to the object of their phobia Its an exposure therapy where the therapists job is to keep the participant motivated The initial stages are very unpleasant
Underlying principle The patient has to unlearn the association of the unpleasant feelings and the object The desired state is for the patient to feel neutral if not positive about the object
Evaluation of Desensitisation and Flooding Aim to change the behaviour Based on exposure The longer the person is exposed to the object the more effective it is When it doesn't work it often means that they haven't followed the instructions properly Does not deal with the root cause
Evaluation of Desensitisation and Flooding Aim to change the behaviour Based on exposure The longer the person is exposed to the object the more effective it is When it doesn't work it often means that they haven't followed the instructions properly Does not deal with the root cause
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