Political Developments in the Americas after WWII, 1945 - 79


International Baccalaureate History (History of the Americas - USA) Flashcards on Political Developments in the Americas after WWII, 1945 - 79, created by Ella-mentary on 06/08/2015.
Flashcards by Ella-mentary, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Ella-mentary over 7 years ago

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Truman (1945 - 1953) Main concerns: Transfer from war-time economy to peace-time economy. Returning soldiers.
Truman Doctrine Truman declared that the US would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.
Marshall Plan 1948 Truman and Marshall asked for $17 billion to aid countries in Europe, so that they could recover from the Second World War, and wouldn't be 'tempted' by communism.
Civil Rights Movement Brown Vs. Board of Education of Topeka 1945 Chief Justice Earl Warren Overturned the Plessy vs. Ferguson ruling in Educational institutions; de jure racial segregation was rules a violation of the Constitution.
Civil Rights Movement Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955 Rosa Parks & MLK. Protest against the racial segregation on public transport in Alabama. NOT supported by Eisenhower.
Civil Rights Movement Little Rock 1957 9 African-American students were prevented from entering Little Rock Central High School by Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas. Eisenhower sent the army in.
Civil Rights Movement Freedom Rides 1961 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Challenge the non-enforcement of the US Supreme Court decisions (1956), which ruled that segregated public buses was unconstitutional.
Civil Rights Movement Birmingham Campaign 1963 White policemen were shown on TV beating black marchers, most notably students. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) & MLK.
Civil Rights Movement March on Washington 1963 MLK's "I have a dream" speech. Hundreds of thousands of participants in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
Civil Rights Movement Watts Riots 1965 Watts, Los Angeles. 6 days of violence and unrest (34 deaths; 1,032 injuries; 3,438 arrests; more that $40 million in property damage).
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