Module 3 Study Guide

Flashcards by aramon1982, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by aramon1982 almost 6 years ago


Module 3 study guide

Resource summary

Question Answer
Elements of social power 1. money 2. race & ethnicity 3. gender 4. age 5. greater #s and organization can empower groups 6. education 7. social status
How can money influence power? 1. big businesses can use it to make campaign contributions and sway political candidates 2. it defines individuals' social class
how does race and ethnicity influence social power? behaviors of the dominant white population are less likely to be defined and enforced than those of hispanics and blacks
How does gender influence social power? men dominate over women politically, economically, historically, religiously, occupationally, culturally and interpersonally
How does age influence social power? People under 30 and over 65 have less respect, influence, attention, and command
How does education influence power? Well educated professionals have the ability to speak as experts, to organize moral entrepreneurial campaigns, to advocate for their positions, and to argue from a legitimate base of knowledge.
How does social status influence power? It is generated through the prestige, tradition, and respectability associated with various positions in society.
Higher-status groups in society are less likely to be perceived as deviant whether they actively work to fight the label or not.
America's first real drug law San Francisco's anti-opium den ordinance of 1875
What was the campaign for the San Francisco anti-opium den ordinance? a campaign that focused almost exclusively on what was called the "Mongolian Vice" of opium smoking by Chinese immigrants (and white "fellow travelers") in dens.
The US now has more people in prison than any industrialized nation in the world - about half of them for drug offenses, the majority of whom are racial minorities
Recipe for drug scares and repressive drug laws 1. a kernel of truth 2. media magnification 3. Politico-Moral Entrepreneurs 4. professional interest groups 5. historical context of conflict 6. linking a form of drug use to a "dangerous class" 7. scapegoating a drug for a wide array of public problems
the recurring character of pharmacy-phobia in US history suggests that there is something about our culture which makes citizens more vulnerable to anti-drug crusaders' attempts to demonize drugs.
temperance cultures ten to arise only when industrial capitalism unfolds upon a cultural terrain deeply imbued with the Protestant ethic
Drug scares continue to occur in American society in part because people must constantly manage the contradiction between a Temperance culture that insists on self-control and a mass consumption culture which renders self-control continuously problematic
deviance creation involves political competition in which moral entrepreneurs originate moral crusades aimed at generating reform
abstinence and bodily purity are the cornerstones of the nonsmoker's purported moral superiority
Early educative efforts against smoking were successful in decreasing cigarette consumption because even smokers opposed cigarettes and had a repentant attitude
Show full summary Hide full summary


SOC Chapter 7: Deviance
Defining Deviance
Eleanor H
A-level English Language Power & Gender Theories
Libby Shaw
Sociology- Beliefs in Society (Theories)
Rachel Pearce
Language and Gender Theories
Eleanor H
Anthropology Theories
Functionalist theories of crime and deviance
Chapter 11 Management Functions and Decision Making Study Guide
Bullying: Theories
Maisie Rose Woodward