Early History of Psychology

Steph M
Flashcards by , created over 3 years ago

Definitions of terms related to the early history of psychology

Steph M
Created by Steph M over 3 years ago
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Question Answer
Trepanation Boring a hole in the skull to let out the demons, release pressure of imbalanced bodily humours, or to allow brain to pulsate freely
Determinism The belief that human behaviour follows lawful patterns, and the choices we make are beyond our control (antisocial behaviour is argued to be a direct result of abusive parenting and alcoholism)
The Socratic Method Is a form of inquiry and debate between individuals with opposing viewpoints based on asking and answering questions to stimulate rational thinking and to illuminate ideas
Psyche (according to Plato) The psyche was similar to a wax slate, when you encounter or experience something, it forms an impression upon your psyche
Mental Disease (according to Plato) Was thought to result when the appetitive part of the psych dominated the rational part of the psyche, sanity prevails when the rational psyche dominates the appetitive urges
Rationalist Believe reality can only be known via reason
Empiricist Reality can only be known via perception; concepts are derived from sensory experience
Cardiocentrists Believed that the heart was the seat of the soul
Cerebrocentrists Believed the brain was the seat of the soul
Ventricular Theory Galen assigned mental function to the brain and in particular the ventricles
Phrenology Gall theorised that there must be a direct relationship between physical anatomy (skull shape) and function (cognitive and behavioural), phrenology involves feeling the bumps on a skull to determine how the person functions
Cerebral Localisation Idea that parts of the brain have relatively distinct neural, behavioural or physiological functions