Socio-Cultural Influences on the Development of Rational Recreation

Wesley Spearman
Mind Map by Wesley Spearman, updated more than 1 year ago
Wesley Spearman
Created by Wesley Spearman almost 2 years ago


A level Physical Education (Sport and Society) Mind Map on Socio-Cultural Influences on the Development of Rational Recreation, created by Wesley Spearman on 02/07/2018.

Resource summary

Socio-Cultural Influences on the Development of Rational Recreation
1 Industrial Revolution
1.1 Initial effects
1.1.1 Rural-urban migration
1.1.2 Lack of leisure time
1.1.3 Lack of income
1.1.4 Poor health
1.1.5 Loss of rights
1.1.6 Lack of public provision
1.2 Second half
1.2.1 Improved health and hygiene
1.2.2 Increase in wages
1.2.3 Increased leisure time
1.2.4 New middle class
1.2.5 Influence of ex-public schoolboys
1.2.6 Values of athleticism
1.2.7 Industrial patronage
1.2.8 Improved transport and communications
1.2.9 Cheaper to travel
2 Urbanisation
2.1 Lack of space
2.2 Large working-class populations
2.3 Loss of traditional sports
2.4 Change in working conditions
3 Transport revolution
3.1 Movement of teams/spectators
3.2 Improved access to different parts of the country
3.3 Cheaper train travel
3.4 Improved access to the countryside
4 Communications
4.1 Society became more literate
4.2 Printed media improved knowledge and awareness of sport
4.3 Increased knowledge of results
4.4 Emergence of sporting heroes/role models
5 Influence of the church
5.1 Encouraged social control
5.2 Church halls provided venues for sport
5.3 Sport viewed as way of promoting Christian values
5.4 YMCA promoted healthy body/healthy mind link
5.5 Clergy viewed sport as a good way of improving church attendance
5.6 Organised teams, set up clubs, organised fixtures
6 Three tier society
6.1 Codification
6.1.1 Strict rules
6.2 Competitions
6.2.1 Development of leagues
6.3 Public provision
6.3.1 Dev. of public facilities
6.4 Increased leisure time
6.5 Move to professionalism
7 British Empire
7.1 Sport seen as good way of installing moral values and binding people across the empire
7.2 Teachers
7.2.1 Dev. teams and taught sporting values
7.3 Industrialists/factory owners
7.3.1 Set up teams
7.3.2 Gave workers time off to play
7.4 Clergy
7.4.1 Dev. church teams
7.4.2 Became missionaries
7.5 Officers in British army
7.5.1 Used sport with armed services
7.6 Diplomats
7.6.1 Travelled the world and took sport with them
7.7 NGBs
7.7.1 Codified sports
7.7.2 Established leagues & competitions
8 Public provision
8.1 Dev. public baths
8.1.1 Segregated for different classes
8.2 Improved health and hygiene
8.3 Plunge baths developed for swimming/recreation
8.4 Improved work productivity due to healthier population
9 Development of NGBs
9.1 Sport increasing in popularity
9.2 More teams & clubs
9.3 More national and international fixtures
9.4 Leagues/competitions required
9.5 Codification required
9.6 Maintenance of 'amateur ideal'
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