Anthropology, Psychology, Sociology Exam Review

C.Kim
Mind Map by C.Kim, updated more than 1 year ago
C.Kim
Created by C.Kim over 5 years ago
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I hate this class, and I hope anyone taking this class knows what they're getting themselves into. Good luck.

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Anthropology, Psychology, Sociology Exam Review
1 By: Chantrea Kim
2 Unit One: Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, Sociology
2.1 Anthro: Study of lives and cultures of humans, past/dead and present/alive.. -> How humans live, think, communicate, produce and interact with their social and physical environments.
2.1.1 Three Sub-categories
2.1.1.1 Physical Anthropology
2.1.1.1.1 Biological: Studies how diseases and illnesses are genetically transmitted. Focuses on the environmental and social causes of diseas.se
2.1.1.1.2 Primatology: 5 Great Primates-> Orangutan, Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Bonobo, and Human. Focuses on our evolutionary past. Studies the thinking and communication patterns of primates.
2.1.1.1.3 Forensic: Discovers clues in physical injuries, the wear on bones or teeth, and chemical composition of bones or teeth.
2.1.1.2 Social/Cultural Anthropology
2.1.1.2.1 Linguistic: Determines links between language and culture; study structure of language.
2.1.1.2.1.1 Draws connections between language, brain, and cultural behaviour.
2.1.1.2.2 Archaeology: Excavates human constructions and artifacts to see how humans lived in their culture/time.
2.1.1.2.2.1 Artifacts: Weapons, Clothing, etc.
2.2 Psych: Scientific study of behaviour and mental process. -> Try to describe, explain, predict, and control behaviour and mental processes.
2.2.1 4 Sub-categories: biological, psychoanalytical, cognitive, socio-cultural
2.2.1.1 Psychoanalytical: Clinical method for treating psychopathology (by Sigmund Freud), Allows psychologists to see the psychological problems rooted from the unconscious mind._
2.2.1.2
2.3 Socio: Systematic Study of human social life, groups, and societies. -> Study how groups and societies shape who you are.
2.4 Social Scientific Method -> Be Able To Identify
2.4.1 1. Question of Problem: Based on Informal research/observation
2.4.1.1 2. Hypothesis: What do you think the answer to your question will be? What are you trying to prove?
2.4.1.1.1 3. Problem : Issue/ Topic of report
2.4.1.1.1.1 4. Observations:: Data collected during research
2.4.1.1.1.1.1 5. Analysis: Full understanding of each individual part
2.4.1.1.1.1.1.1 6. Conclusion: Final thoughts, answer, etc.
2.5 Unit #1: Research & Inquiry Methods - Introduction to Social Sciences Difference between anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Overview of each discipline - sub-branches for each discipline ex. primatology, biology, linguistics, etc. Areas of psychological study: biological, psychoanalytical, cognitive, socio-cultural Sociological perspectives: functionalist, conflict, symbolic-interactionist Psychological pioneers and their contributions: B. F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov What is a reputable source? - know criteria Research & Inquiry methods - observation, participatory, interview, survey, etc. using primary and secondary sources and data analysis Social science research methods: Hypothesis Conclusion Qualities of a reputable source Order of sections in a social scientific method paper Participant observation
3 Unit 2: Anthropology
3.1 Unit #2: Anthropology – Physical & Cultural - know the subfield categories Carolus Linnaeus Gregory Mendel - genetics Charles Darwin Natural selection Opposable thumb Language Acquisition Device (LAD) - Noam Chomsky: innate language acquisition theory Rite of Passage (ROP) – 3 stage process: ex. segregation, transition, re-integration Nature vs. nurture debate ex. Nell movie an example used in class to demonstrate theory Origins of Marriage symbols ex. bouquet, garter, honeymoon, etc...
3.2 3 Sub-categories of Anthropology
3.2.1 Physical Anthropology: Biological, Primatology, and Forensic
3.2.1.1 Biological: Studies how diseases and illnesses are genetically transmitted.
3.2.1.1.1 Focuses on the environmental and social causes of disease.
3.2.1.2 Primatology: 5 Great primates - Orangutan, gorilla, chimpanzee, bonobo, and human.
3.2.1.2.1 Focuses on our evolutionary past. Studies the thinking and communication patterns of primates.
3.2.2 Social/Cultural Anthropology: Archaeology and Linguistic
3.2.2.1 Archaeology: Excavates human constructions and artifacts to see how humans lived in their culture/time.
3.2.2.1.1 Artifacts: Weapons, Clothing, etc.
3.2.2.2 Linguistic: Determines links between language and culture, studies the structure of language.
3.2.2.2.1 Draws connections between language, brain and cultural behaviour.
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