U2-3 Types of Bilinguals

ecustodio1080
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slides 17-24, 29-34.

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ecustodio1080
Created by ecustodio1080 about 6 years ago
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U2-3 Types of Bilinguals
1 Simultaneous
1.1 2 lang. B4 1
1.2 until ~ 3
1.3 Informal learning
1.3.1 at home
1.4 concurrent development
1.5 unequal exposure
1.6 unequal comprehension
2 Sequential L2
2.1 learn 1 --> 2
2.1.1 ~4
2.2 early informal
2.3 L2 direct instruction
2.4 L1 vocab. different than L2
2.5 Unequal comprehension
3 Older L2 Learners
3.1 learn informally / directly
3.2 lang. skills influence L2
3.3 Cognitive skills influence L2
3.4 affect influence L2
4 4 subgroups
4.1 simultaneous
4.1.1 majority
4.1.1.1
4.1.2 minority
4.1.2.1
4.2 sequential
4.2.1 majority
4.2.1.1 lang. used / valued
4.2.1.1.1 prestige lang.
4.2.1.1.2 high SES
4.2.1.1.3 government uses
4.2.1.1.4 bilingualism choice
4.2.2 minority
4.2.2.1 lang. not used / valued
4.2.2.1.1 used by monority
4.2.2.1.2 stigmatized lang.
4.2.2.1.3 association
4.2.2.1.3.1 immigrants
4.2.2.1.3.2 low SES
4.2.2.1.4 no govern. use
4.2.2.1.5 bilingualism need
4.3 different SEC = different outcome
5 Indogenous
5.1 community use / not govern.
5.1.1 sicilian
5.2 diglossia
5.2.1 2 lang. coexist
6 Exogenous
6.1 no speech community
6.2 official use only
6.2.1 french / africa
7 Additive Bilingual
7.1 L2 acquired w/o hurting L1
7.1.1 cognitive / linguistic advantage
7.2 majority lang. environment
8 Subtractive Bilingual
8.1 L2 acquistion hurts L1
8.1.1 L2 replaces L1
8.1.2 cognitive / linguistic disadvantage
8.2 Often minority lang. environment
8.3 bad parental advise
8.3.1 no evidence

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