1.1.1 Three aspects of language learning: Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills, discreet language skills, and Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency. Most students come in with fluency in
BICS. However, it can take 5-7 years for a native speaker to become proficient in CALPS. Each component has different acquisition skills required to become fluent. There are big gaps in low
used vocabulary words and High Frequency Words. Students will learn second language fairly quickly, but will need to focus on CALPS to become proficient.
22.214.171.124 In the classroom, students need exposure to the new language and they need to see the language in print. Students need to authentically see grammar in text. Interactive Read-Alouds focusing on vocabulary and giving students
opportunities to use vocabulary words is critical.
2.1.1 Innate ability to learn language that does not support the behaviorist approach. Children learn language at an early age but they are
not mimicking language, they are creating it. Languages only differ in their lexical choices, so students can acquire language because
they already know it as part of their biological makeup. This ability to learn language innately is called Language Acquisition Device (LAD) and is acquired by the age of 5.
3.1 Comprehensible Input
3.1.1 No fundamental difference in how we learn our first language and subsequent languages. Humans innate ability guides the language learning process. We acquire new language when we understand and can attach meaning. When we understand what is being
taught, we learn. The Monitor Model has five components, that occur in a process: Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis, Natural Order Hypothesis, Monitor Hypothesis, Input Hypothesis, and the Affective Filter.
126.96.36.199 Drawing, pointing, using visuals are critical in the classroom. Having students draw pictures, while saying the parts of the picture is important. having pictures with labels around the classroom would also be helpful.
4 Robertson and
4.1 Six Stages
4.1.1 Language acquisition happens in 2 categories: 1. First Language-this happens regardless of home language. Babies begin to babble and imitate sounds around them. 2.
Process of learning a new language. The second language learning process has six phases which includes pre-production, early production, speech emergent, beginning
fluency, intermediate fluency, and advanced fluency.
188.8.131.52 Starting with students in the pre-production stage, have students listen to read-alouds, use visuals, gesture and point when possible. It is also important to
speak slowing and use correct English. As students progress through the stages you can begin having students pair up, using "Turn and Talk. You can also
begin to introduce more complex vocabulary words.
5 Judie Haynes
5.1 Five Stages
5.1.1 Distinct stages of second language acquisition: Silent/receptive, Early Production, Speech Emergence, Intermediate Fluency, and
Advanced Fluency. The key to learning the second language is consistency and practice.
184.108.40.206 Classroom Teachers should focus on
content-rich vocabulary instruction, using
pictures, listening activities, use books with
predictable text, and ask yes or no