Second Language Acquisition Theories

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SLA Theories- CTRD 6006
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Second Language Acquisition Theories
1 Universal Grammar
1.1 Chromsky
1.2 Description: All languages have the same parts of speech that make it up
1.3 Classroom Application: When translating between languages, the teacher and student can compare different words to similar parts of speech within own native language.
2 Social Interactionism
2.1 Gass
2.2 Description: Learners use their linguistic environment to build their knowledge
2.3 Classroom application: The student requires immersion into desired language within the classroom to fully absorb the language
3 Input Hypothesis
3.1 Krashen
3.2 Description: how a learner acquires language
3.3 Classroom Application: The speaker models or illustrated different words or phrases to allow the learner to understand
4 Behaviorist
4.1 Skinner
4.2 Description: Someone can be taught through a process of stimulus, response, and reinforcement, becoming a habit
4.3 Classroom Application: Students who are continually exposed to the same conditioning, like within routines, will learn the desired skill through repetition.
5 Monitor Model
5.1 Krashen
5.2 Description: The learner natural acquires language through exposure and will become fluent and begin monitoring when and how to use the language through constant comprehensible input
5.3 Classroom Application: Through conversations within cooperative groups and activities, EL students will become fluent and able speakers of their second language.
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