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Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception

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This is my Mind Map for Psych 104.
Andrew Cooper
Mind Map by Andrew Cooper, updated more than 1 year ago
Andrew Cooper
Created by Andrew Cooper over 6 years ago
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Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
  1. Sensation

    Annotations:

    • Information from our 5 senses. 
    1. Visual System
      1. Lens

        Annotations:

        • Focuses light on retina
        1. Pupil

          Annotations:

          • regulates amount of light
          1. Retina

            Annotations:

            • sense organ for light
            1. Rods

              Annotations:

              • black and white
              1. Cones

                Annotations:

                • Color vision
              2. Brightness
                1. Color
                  1. Saturation
                  2. Auditory system
                    1. Vestibular system
                      1. Semi-circular canals
                        1. Loudness
                          1. Pitch
                            1. Timbre
                            2. Psycho Physics

                              Annotations:

                              • Sensation begins with a detectable stimulus 
                              1. Thresholds

                                Annotations:

                                • The threshold is the minimum amount of change required to generate an action potential. 
                                1. Fechner
                                  1. Absolute Threshold

                                    Annotations:

                                    • In neuroscience and psychophysics, an absolute threshold was originally defined as the lowest level of a stimulus —light, sound, touch, etc.—that an organism could detect.
                                  2. JND

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Just Noticeable Difference (JND) is a sensory environment for one person at a time lying in total darkness. The installation is based on Gustav Fechner's concept of the just noticeable difference: the ability to perceptually detect the smallest changes in sensory stimuli.
                                    1. Weber
                                  3. Taste
                                    1. Sweet
                                      1. Sour
                                        1. Bitter
                                          1. Salty
                                            1. Umami
                                            2. Smell
                                              1. Olfactory
                                                1. Pheromones
                                                2. Touch
                                                  1. Pressure
                                                    1. Pain
                                                      1. temperature
                                                        1. Kinesthetic
                                                      2. Perception

                                                        Annotations:

                                                        • Making sense of what we perceive. 
                                                        1. Feature Analysis
                                                          1. Bottom-Up

                                                            Annotations:

                                                            • Believe what we see
                                                            1. Top-Down

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • See what we believe
                                                              1. Ames Room
                                                                1. Gestalt Form Perception
                                                                2. Perception of Vision
                                                                  1. Trichromatic

                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                    • Eye has three types of receptors pairings of the same three colors: green, blue, and red. 
                                                                    1. Operant process

                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                      • receptors act opposite Green, blue, and red. 
                                                                      1. Optical illusion
                                                                        1. Occipital Lobe
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