Plains Indians

 ELeanor Turner
Mind Map by ELeanor Turner, updated more than 1 year ago
 ELeanor Turner
Created by ELeanor Turner almost 4 years ago


GCSE History (Amercian West) Mind Map on Plains Indians, created by ELeanor Turner on 04/11/2016.

Resource summary

Plains Indians
1 Beliefs
1.1 Belief in spirits
1.1.1 Waken tanka The Great spirit Created the world Created all that lived
1.1.2 Everything had a spirit
1.1.3 Contacted through visions Interpreted by Shaman How they got their adult names
1.1.4 Contact through dances and ceremonies Sundance Buffalo Dance Scalp dance
1.2 Circle of Nature
1.2.1 Circle of their councils
1.2.2 Circle of their tipis
1.2.3 Circle of the sun
1.3 Sacred Land
1.3.1 Came from the earth Returned to the earth when died Part of the land
1.3.2 Land was their mother
1.3.3 High places- close to the spirit world The Black Hills Where they were saved from the great flood Where they took dead for burial
1.3.4 Prepared to fight for it
2 Daily life
2.1 Home
2.1.1 Tipi Could be packed up and transported Suitable for all weather conditions
2.2 Family Life
2.2.1 Men Hunting Protect horses Protection Polygamy More than one wife Made sure all women were taken care of If husbands died Arranged marraiges
2.2.2 Women Tipi Food Water Making clothing
2.2.3 Children Future Learnt skills Boys- bows and arrows Girls- Maintain a home How to ride Learnt how to survive
2.2.4 Old people Gave advise Bring up the children When too old and weak they were left behind
2.3 Organisation
2.3.1 (Sioux) Nation Not led by an individual Consists of many tribes Tribes consist of many bands Bands Influenced by warrior society Advised by a council Led by a chief Wise Warrior Spirtitual
3 Buffalo
3.1 Hunting
3.1.1 Creep up on them and shoot arrows Disguise in wolf skins
3.1.2 Stampede Trap them in valleys Driven off cliffs
3.1.3 Used horses when discovered
3.2 Uses
3.2.1 Hide Tipi covers Clothes Carpets Mocassins
3.2.2 Sinews Bow strings
3.2.3 Brain Used for tanning
3.2.4 Tongue Eaten Hair brush
3.2.5 Horns Headresses
3.2.6 Teeth Necklaces
3.2.7 Skull Religious ceremonies
4 Warfare
4.1 Why fight?
4.1.1 Protect their way of life
4.1.2 Stealing horses
4.1.3 Impress Women Older warriors
4.1.4 Increase standing in tribe
4.1.5 Seek revenge
4.1.6 Destroy enemies
4.2 Uniform
4.2.1 War shirt
4.2.2 Shield
4.2.3 Feathers They were marked in various ways to show success in warfare
4.2.4 Body painting
4.2.5 Amulet Spiritual
4.2.6 Scalps decoration
4.2.7 Lance
4.3 Weapons
4.3.1 Horse
4.3.2 Bow and arrow
4.3.3 Coup stick
4.3.4 Rifle Reached Sioux due to trading
4.3.5 Shield
4.3.6 Tomahawk
4.4 Low casualities
4.4.1 Counting Coup If touched with coup stick: disgrace
4.4.2 Did not believe in killing being brave Braver to touch enemy with a coup stick
4.4.3 More men lost through hunting accidents than war Less than 4 lost a year
4.5 Scalping
4.5.1 Took scalps as evidence of their success
4.5.2 Dried and hung outside tipis Trophies
4.5.3 Believed if warrior lost his scalp, he could not go into afterlife So your enemy would not be there to fight you in the afterlife
4.5.4 Mutilation could also occur Leave enemies disabled in the afterlife
4.6 Horses
4.6.1 Enabled warriors to raid over farther distances
4.6.2 Wealth counted by no. of horses
4.6.3 New reason for warfare
4.6.4 Horsemanship became important in society
4.7 Enemies of Sioux
4.7.1 White men
4.7.2 Crows
4.7.3 Pawnee
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