the Psychodynamic approach to abnormality

samantha_x
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Psychology (Abnormality) Mind Map on the Psychodynamic approach to abnormality, created by samantha_x on 03/27/2014.

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samantha_x
Created by samantha_x over 5 years ago
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the Psychodynamic approach to abnormality
1 key assumption: all human behaviour can be explained in terms of inner conflict of the mind
2 Freud believed that within the mind there are 3 aspects of your personality that determine how you behave
2.1 ID: pleasure principle
2.2 Ego - reality principle
2.3 superego: Morality principle
2.4 Personality development: Freud believed these were all separate and conflicting forces
2.4.1 they needed to be balanced for good mental heath and normal behaviour
3 Principles/assumptions of the psychodynamic approach
3.1 1) mental disorder results from psychological rather than physical causes: - Freud believed the origins of mental disorder lie in the unresoved conflicts of childhood - are unconcious. Mental illnesses are not the outcome of physical disorder but of the psychological conflicts
3.1.1 2) unresolved confilcts cause mental disorder - conflicts between id, ego and superego create anxiety. The ego - protects itself with various defence mechanisms (ego defences). These defences can be the cause of disturbed behviour if they are overused.
3.1.1.1 3) early experiences cause mental disorder - in childhood the ego is not developed enough to deal with traumas and therefore they are repressed. e.g. if a child loses a parent early in life they repress associated feelings. Later in life, other losses may cause the individual to re-experience the earlier loss and can lead to depression. Previously, unexpressed anger about the loss is directed inwards towards the self, causing depression
3.1.1.1.1 4) unconcious motivations cause mental disorder: ego defenses, such as repression and regression, exert pressure through unconiously motivated behaviour. Freud proposed that the unconcious consists of memories and other information that are either very hard or almost impossible to bring into concious awareness.. Despite this, the unconcious mind exerts a powerful effect on behaviour. This leads to distress, as the person doesnt understand why they are acting in that way. The underlying problem cannot be controlled until brought into concious awareness
4 Little Hans 1909 - had a fear of horses - symboloises his fear of his father

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