The Cuban Missile Crisis

Davyd Tan
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind Map on The Cuban Missile Crisis, created by Davyd Tan on 04/16/2014.

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Davyd Tan
Created by Davyd Tan over 5 years ago
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The Cold War: An Overview_2
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Cuban missile crisis
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Grace Evans
Groups Starter Pack
Micheal Heffernan
Bay of Pigs Invasion : April 1961
Alina A
Conferences of the Cold War
Alina A
Key policies and organisations Cold War
Elisa de Toro Arias
Who was to blame for the Cold War?
Will Barnes
The Cold War: An Overview
Andrea Leyden
The Cuban Missile Crisis
1 American-Cuban Tensions
1.1 Significance of Cuba
1.1.1 Strategic Importance
1.1.1.1 Expansion of territory
1.1.1.2 American sphere of influence
1.1.2 Safeguarding Interests
1.1.2.1 Economic Source
1.1.2.1.1 Production of sugar and tobacco
1.1.2.1.2 USA buys land from Cubans
1.1.2.1.2.1 Set up sugar plantations
1.1.2.1.2.2 Construction of factories
1.1.2.1.3 USA owns 60% of sugar monopoly
1.1.2.2 Resentment towards USA
1.1.2.2.1 Over-reliance on sugar trade
1.1.2.2.1.1 Vulnerable sugar economy
1.1.2.2.1.1.1 Drastic changes in prices
1.1.2.2.2 Upper-class investments
1.1.2.2.2.1 Larger gap between rich and poor
1.2 Early Tensions
1.2.1 American Political Intervention
1.2.1.1 USA figureheads
1.2.1.1.1 Batista's rule
1.2.1.1.1.1 Corrupt and dictactorial
1.2.1.1.1.2 Illegal activities
1.2.1.1.1.2.1 Ties with American mafia
1.2.1.1.1.2.2 Large American Corporations
1.2.1.1.1.3 Social Oppression
1.2.1.1.1.3.1 Secret Police implemented
1.2.1.1.1.3.1.1 Political Opponents
1.2.1.1.1.3.1.2 Citizens
1.2.2 Cuban Revolution
1.2.2.1 (1956) Fidel Castro returns
1.2.2.1.1 Rebellion against Batista
1.2.2.1.1.1 Used guerrilla warfare
1.2.2.2 (1959) Batista's defeat
1.2.2.2.1 Declining popularity amongst people
1.2.2.2.2 Lost support from USA
1.2.2.2.3 Outnumbered
1.2.2.2.3.1 Soldiers demoralized
1.2.2.2.3.2 Castro's army grew
1.2.3 Castro's new policies
1.2.3.1 New markets
1.2.3.1.1 Solved over-reliance on USA
1.2.3.1.1.1 Sought new markets for sugar
1.2.3.1.1.2 Trade with Soviet Union
1.2.3.1.1.2.1 Trade sugar for Soviet oil
1.2.3.1.1.2.2 USA saw Cuba allying with Soviets
1.2.3.2 Land Reform Law
1.2.3.2.1 Re-distribuition of plantations
1.2.3.2.1.1 Split equally among poor farmers
1.2.3.2.2 Banned foreigners from owning any plantations
1.2.4 Friendship with Khrushchev
1.2.4.1 Meeting Khrushchev
1.2.4.1.1 Both criticized USA's human rights
1.2.4.1.1.1 USA saw Castro associating with leader of Cold War enemy
1.2.4.1.2 Strengthening relationship
1.3 Escalating Tensions
1.3.1 Economic pressure
1.3.1.1 Embargo imposed on Cuba
1.3.1.1.1 Threatened Castro to cut ties with Soviet Union
1.3.1.1.2 Aid from Communist countries
1.3.1.1.2.1 Soviets owned 80% of national industry
1.3.1.1.2.2 30% of nation farming
1.3.1.1.2.3 Allowed Castro to proceed with economic reforms
1.3.2 Overthrow Castro
1.3.2.1 Bay of Pigs Invasion
1.3.2.1.1 Training of Cuban exiles
1.3.2.1.1.1 Critical Failure
1.3.2.1.1.1.1 USA humiliation
1.3.2.1.1.1.2 Outrage from the UN
1.3.2.1.1.1.3 Strengthening of Castro's power
1.3.2.2 Operation Mongoose
1.3.2.2.1 Sabotage industrial monopoly
1.3.2.2.2 Assassination attempts on Communist figures
1.3.3 Formal alliance with Soviet Union
1.3.3.1 Fear of US invasion
1.3.3.1.1 Soviet Union rivaled USA
1.3.3.2 Cuba becomes Communist
1.3.3.2.1 New Communist Party
1.3.3.2.2 American fears realized
1.3.3.2.2.1 Soviet ally geographically close to USA
2 Resolution and Aftermath
2.1 Steps to Resolution
2.1.1 Cooperation between Khrushchev and Kennedy
2.1.1.1 Khrushchev's appeals for peace
2.1.1.1.1 First Negotiation
2.1.1.1.1.1 Khrushchev felt failure to protect Cuba
2.1.1.1.1.2 Ongoing construction of missile sites in Cuba
2.1.1.1.2 Second Negotiation
2.1.1.1.2.1 Increased pressure on Khrushchev
2.1.1.1.2.2 Request for removal of USA missiles in Turkey
2.1.1.1.2.2.1 Kennedy feared Khrushchev adopted brinkmanship
2.1.1.1.2.2.2 Acceptance of Kennedy's deal
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.1 Removal of dangerous missiles in exchange of no invasion of Cuba
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.2 Removal of missiles in Cuba
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.2.1 Displeasure from Castro
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.2.1.1 Felt betrayed by Soviet Union
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.2.1.2 Became more dangerous and aggressive
2.1.1.1.2.2.2.2.1.3 Threatened to expose to UN Soviet tactical missiles
2.1.1.1.2.3 Castro demanded immediate action against USA
2.1.2 Public and International opinion
2.1.2.1 U-2 Spy Plane incident
2.1.2.1.1 Soviet leader in Cuba shot down and captured pilot
2.1.2.1.2 Fear of Khrushchev's losing control over subordinates
2.1.2.1.3 Robert Kennedy's secret deal to remove Turkish missiles
2.1.2.1.3.1 Turkey feared of vulnerability despite missiles being unreliable and obsolete
2.2 Aftermath of the crisis
2.2.1 Implications of the crisis
2.2.1.1 USA
2.2.1.1.1 Kennedy's reputation increased
2.2.1.1.2 Dismay amongst members amongst NATO for removal of Turkish missiles
2.2.1.2 Cuba
2.2.1.2.1 Castro seen by people as national hero
2.2.1.2.2 Ally of Soviets despite drawbacks
2.2.1.2.3 Loss of nuclear protection against USA
2.2.1.3 Soviet Union
2.2.1.3.1 Khrushchev seen showing cowardice and weakness
2.2.1.3.2 Worsening relations with both Cuba and China over handling of the crisis
2.2.1.3.3 Threat of Jupiter missiles removed and Cuba still remained an ally
2.2.2 Establishment of Moscow-Washington Hot Line
2.2.2.1 Believed lack of communication escalated nuclear tensions
2.2.2.1.1 Share quick and honest information with each other
2.2.3 First steps taken towards nuclear disarmament
2.2.3.1 Both sides limit developments of nuclear weapons
2.2.3.1.1 Signing of the Limited Test Ban Treaty on 5 August 1963
2.2.3.1.1.1 Opened it to other countries in 10 October 1963
2.2.3.1.1.2 Limit growing effects of nuclear radiation on environment
3 Brink of Nuclear War
3.1 Soviet installation of missiles in Cuba
3.1.1 Soviet consideration of installation
3.1.1.1 Political gains
3.1.1.1.1 Leverage over West Berin situation
3.1.1.1.2 Higher standing amongst Communist bloc
3.1.1.2 Military gains
3.1.1.2.1 Greater number of missiles can reach USA
3.1.1.2.2 Counter Jupiter missiles in Turkey
3.1.1.2.3 Deter naval vessels and target cities
3.1.1.2.3.1 Greater deterrent against USA
3.1.1.3 Castro agreed
3.1.1.3.1 Protect his country
3.1.1.3.1.1 Fear of threats from USA
3.1.1.3.2 Smuggled missiles to Cuba (10 June 1962)
3.1.2 American discovery of missile deployment
3.1.2.1 American spy plane took photos of launch site (14 October)
3.1.2.2 Kennedy discovered missile deployment (16 October)
3.2 Escalating tensions during missile crisis
3.2.1 Responses towards missile discovery
3.2.1.1 Soviet Union claimed missiles used for defense
3.2.1.1.1 Kennedy believed missiles were used against USA
3.2.1.1.2 Doubted Khrushchev's claims
3.2.1.2 Fear of massive destruction caused by both sides
3.2.1.3 Discovery of more missiles in Cuba
3.2.1.3.1 Many in USA favored an offensive
3.2.1.3.1.1 Decided on a blockade
3.2.2 US naval blockade of Cuba (24 October)
3.2.2.1 Vessels checked by American naval ships
3.2.2.1.1 Ensure that they did not contain any more nuclear missiles
3.2.2.2 American forces mobilized in Florida
3.2.3 Mobilisation of Soviet and Cuban force
3.2.3.1 Khrushchev was angered by the blockade
3.2.3.2 Defence Minister Rodion Malinovsky delayed mobilisation
3.2.3.3 Castro declares preparations for armed conflict
3.2.3.3.1 300,000 Cubans armed
3.2.4 Kennedy's strategy of brinkmanship
3.2.4.1 Publicly announced discovery of Cuban missiles
3.2.4.2 Demanded that Soviet Union remove them

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