Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?


University Psychology (Synoptic) Mind Map on Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?, created by aumeers16 on 05/18/2013.
Mind Map by aumeers16, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by aumeers16 about 10 years ago

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Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?
  1. Describe
    1. Example: Abu Ghraib, horrific acts of the US military
      1. 2004 - evidence found of Iraqi prisoners being the subject of torture and abuse by the US milirary at Abu Ghraib prison
        1. corrupt and enjoyed making the prisoners suffer
          1. soldiers argued, they were just doing as they were told; obeying authority for the purpose of interrogation
    2. Explain
      1. could be due to dispositional behaviour;
        1. result of corrupt soldiers + their individual personalities
          1. some soldiers did not participate in the aggressive behaviour, some even attempted to stop abuse
            1. still in autonomous state: down to own strength of morals
        2. Psychological theories that explain such horrific acts and obedience:
          1. In and Out groups
            1. increased hostility towards prisoners; soldiers - in group, prisoners - out group
              1. predjudice and discrimination
                1. keep groups self esteem high
                  1. leads to viloence
              2. Social Identity theory
                1. identified with the group; all wear the same uniform
                  1. allegiance to one another
                    1. deindividualised and feel less responsible for own actions
                    2. also, mere existence of another group creates rivalry
                      1. Sherif et al. Robbers Cave study
                        1. 22 eleven 11year old boys split into two groups and even before competition, conflict arouse.
                    3. Behaviour was situational
                      1. carrying out actions influenced by each other, more likely to follow violent orders as the group encourages one another
                      2. Social Power
                        1. obedience due to the legitimate and coercive power the authority held
                        2. Blind Obedience
                          1. Agency theory
                            1. maintain a stable society - general tendency to obey those in authority
                              1. Autonomous
                                1. Agentic
                                  1. though moral strain may show, individual gives up moral beliefs for the interests of the wider population
                                    1. soldiers were obeying authority
                                    2. Hofling et al.
                                      1. 21/22 nurses administered lethal dosage of astrogen
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