World History Final Exam Spring 18 Review

K. Asher
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K. Asher
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Review for World History Final Exam
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Question Answer
Which result completes this list? Immediate Effects of the Renaissance • Revival of trade • Emergence of cities • Rise of banks and joint-stock companies • _______________?__________________ Voyages of exploration and colonization
Which statement was NOT a result of the Protestant Reformation? Answer: A hatred for Martin Luther in Northern Germany
How did metal impact European conquests of territories during the Age of Exploration? Answer: It gave Europeans an advantage in weaponry over the indigenous peoples of the newly explored territories.
Complete the chart. Answer: Religious—Spread of Christianity
Which of the following best completes the graphic? Answer: Indigenous economies destroyed
Which advancement did NOT occur during the Scientific Revolution? Answer: Discovering DNA in humans
Nicholas Copernicus Johannes Kepler William Harvey The men in the list are associated with the ___________________________ Answer: Scientific Revolution
Which statement BEST explains how the Scientific Revolution led to the growth of democratic ideas? Answer: The Scientific Revolution encouraged people to challenge the views of traditional authorities.
The items on the list describe which key principles of the Declaration of Independence? Answer: Political Participation
• Applied reason to the human world • Stimulated religious tolerance • Fueled democratic revolutions around the world Which era of world history is best described by this list? Answer: Enlightenment
Which of the following correctly completes the graphic? Answer: Factors Leading to the French Revolution
Based on the information below, the Congress of Vienna led to which reaction in Europe in the short-term? Goals of the Congress of Vienna, 1814-¬1815 • Restore balance of power so that European countries would not be threats to one another. • Restore royal families to the thrones held before Napoleon conquests. • Prevent further French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries. Answer: the repression of nationalism throughout Europe
Which factor was NOT an impact of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries? Answer: Population decrease
Each of the following was an effect of industrialization EXCEPT Answer: an increase of movement to rural areas.
Which political change resulted from the events in this list? Industrial Revolution in England • Urban centers expanded. • The manufacturing sector created new jobs. • A middle class of managers and professionals emerged Answer: expansion of voting rights
This list reflects which aspect of the Age of Industrialization? British Legislative Acts • Health and Morals of Apprentices Act of 1802 • Cotton Mills and Factories Act of 1819 • Workshop Regulation Act of 1867 Answer: the growth of reform movements
Adam Smith advocated laissez-faire, which implies Answer: minimal governmental control
Karl Marx’s slogan “. . . WORKERS OF ALL LANDS UNITE!” is associated with which economic theory? Answer: communism
Use the information to complete the sentence. Characteristics of the British Empire • Built a large navy to protect merchant fleet and colonies • Largest and most technically advanced merchant fleet in the world • Very active in international trade • Maintained colonies around the world Based on this information, Great Britain became an empire because of its Answer: desire to control resources and trade.
The timeline demonstrates how the British government Answer: used trade as the basis for establishing its empire in South Asia.
All of these are reasons industrialized countries sought new colonies EXCEPT — Answer: new areas to send criminals
Which of the following best completes the graphic? Answer: Traditional industries in colonies were displaced
Which motivation for imperialism is BEST reflected in this quotation? Why should we not form a secret society with but one object, the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole world under British rule . . . for making the Anglo Saxon race but one Empire? —Cecil Rhodes, British Imperialist, 1877 Answer: a belief in a superior culture
What term could best replace the underlined phrase in the quote? Read the quote from a speech given by Sun Yat-sen in 1924. Since the day of Japan's victory over Russia, the peoples of Asia have cherished the hope of shaking off the yoke of European oppression, a hope which has given rise to a series or independence movements-in Egypt, Persia, Turkey, Afghanistan, and finally in India. Answer: Imperialism
Which factor MOST influenced this portion of the treaty? Use the excerpt below to answer the question. To those colonies and territories which as a consequence of the late war have ceased to be under the sovereignty of the States which formerly governed them and which are inhabited by peoples not yet able to stand by themselves . . . there should be applied the principle that the wellbeing and development of such peoples form a sacred trust of civilization and that securities for the performance of this trust should be embodied in this Covenant. —Article 22, The Treaty of Versailles, 1919 Answer: the role that imperialism played in the creation of competing military alliances
Use the excerpt below to answer the question Mass-production in the late 19th century revolutionized how wars were fought. . . . New guns had the capability of attacking an opponent from longer ranges. . . . Frontal assaults became disastrous. . . . —“World War I–Technology,” New York State Archives, 2013 How did this technological change affect military actions in World War I? Answer: Systems of trenches were used for protection from attacks.
Which topic best completes the diagram? Answer: Underlying Causes of WWI
Which title best describes this list? • Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War • Landless peasantry • Incompetence of Nicholas II • Military defeats and high casualties in World War I Causes of the Russian Revolution
What was one result of this event? When word spread that banks’ assets contained huge uncollectable loans and almost worthless stock certificates, depositors rushed to withdraw their savings. Unable to raise fresh funds from the Federal Reserve System, banks began failing by the hundreds . . . —Public Broadcasting Corporation Answer: A worldwide economic depression began.
What resulted from the challenges shown in the chart? Answer: worldwide economic depression
Why did post-World War I promote the idea of existentialism in books during that time period? Answer: A need to analyze their life and plight as they see fit and of their own free will.
32. Use the list below to answer the question. • The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald • A Farewell to Arms, Ernest Hemingway • “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” T. S. Eliot Which phrase BEST describes the works in this list? Answer: works focused on disillusionment caused by a loss of innocence
During the 1930s, which widespread sentiment contributed to the rise of totalitarianism? Answer: The political order that followed World War I was unjust.
All of the following were causes of World War II EXCEPT — Answer: weakness of the United Nations
During World War II millions of Jews and other targeted ethnic groups in areas occupied by the Axis powers were forced to move to ghettos and concentration camps in Europe. As a result of these events, many Jewish communities were completely destroyed. How did the international community respond to these events? Answer: by holding war crime trials at Nuremberg
Which concept was NOT an outcome of World War II? Answer: Establishment of three major powers in the world
Which two countries emerged as military powers directly after World War II? Answer: United States and Soviet Union
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