THE BEGINNING OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

Liz Broderick
Flashcards by Liz Broderick, updated more than 1 year ago
Liz Broderick
Created by Liz Broderick about 4 years ago
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JUNIOR CERT HISTORY

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The Estates General was a sort of Parliament made up of Representatives of the First, second and third Estate, and as we have learned it had not actually met in over 150 years. the Third estate had most of the population of France and was composed of peasants. they could outvote the first and second estate because of this. But the 1st and 2nd estate proposed a voting system by estate only. They would always combine to outvote the 3rd estate.
The Third estate had, had enough and on the 17 June 1789 the Third Estate voted to form itself into a National Assembly regardless of whether the other Estates joined or not. The Third Estate was lock out of their meeting place at Versailles on the morning of 20th June.
It was by accident but the Third Estate thought it was on purpose. They move the meeting to a nearby Royal tennis court They took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing " Never to break up and to meet wherever the circumstances dictate until the constitution of the Kingdom is set up and laid on firm foundations"
The King didn't know what to do and pressurised by the Queen and the Nobles he ordered that the National Assembly break up. The King gives in and orders the First and Second Estate to join the National Assembly. It seemed a great victory, but while the protests were going on the King had stationed 17 army regiments around Paris.
In Paris, there was a huge fortress and prison called the Bastille where people were locked up for years without trial. To the people of Paris it was part of the hated Ancien Regime. The Bastille had a supply of Gunpowder and the Paris Mob wanted it as protection against the army, they stormed the Bastille and freed the prisoners. these were known as San Coulottes
100 Sans Culottes were killed but eventually they gained entrance. Only 7 prisoners were being held in the Bastille and these were set free. The commander of the Bastille was beheaded. The fall of the Bastille had a huge impact. Most of Paris now rose in Rebellion against the King. THE King withdrew the troops from around Paris. Clearly Louis had lost control. The French rebellion had just begun.
what was the Estates general? A FORM OF GOVERNMENT
WHEN WAS THE LAST TIME IT MET? 150 YEARS AGO
WHY WERE THE 3RD ESTATE ALWAYS OUT VOTED? THE FIRST AND SECOND SET UP A SYSTEM TO VOTE BY ESTATE AND THEY ALWAYS COMBINED TO WIN A VOTE.
WHERE DID THE THIRD ESTATE MOVE TO FOR THEIR MEETING WHEN THEY WERE LOCKED OUT OF THE PALACE? THE ROYAL TENNIS COURT
WHAT WAS THE TENNIS COURT OATH? NEVER TO BREAK UP AND TO MEET NO MATTER WHAT UNTIL A NEW CONSTITUTION WAS FORMED.
WHAT WAS THE BASTILLE? A PRISON
WHY DID THE PARIS MOB ATTACK THE BASTILLE? FOR GUNPOWDER
WHAT WERE THE POOR PARISIANS KNOWN AS? SANS COULETTES
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