Adipocytes

alexlpeart
Flashcards by , created almost 6 years ago

Exercise Metabolism Flashcards on Adipocytes, created by alexlpeart on 04/30/2013.

Eye 39
Pin 2
Balloon left 0
Tags
alexlpeart
Created by alexlpeart almost 6 years ago
Fat Mobilisation and utilisation
alexlpeart
Intergrating Metabolisum.
alexlpeart
Introduction to Physical and Health
alexlpeart
GCSE REVISION TIMETABLE
TheJileyProducti
Základy práva - 2. část
Nikola Truong
Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis
alexlpeart
Training and Substrate Metabolisum
alexlpeart
Protein Metabolisum and Exercise
alexlpeart
Enviromental Impact on Exercise Metabolisum
alexlpeart
TCA Cycle
alexlpeart
Question Answer
Describe the mechanism for insulin causing the movement of GLUT4. tyrosine in the presence of insulin autophosphotylates IRS1 to become phosphorylated-IRS1 which then activates PI3 kinase which catalyses the change of PIP2 to PIP3 which in turn activates PKD1. This activates PKC and PKB which causes GLUT4 to translocate to the cells membrain.
Describe how obesity causes decreased GLUT 4 translocation as a result of insulin signalling. Obesity increases Diacylglycerides and fatty acyl-CoA to be stored more in cells. These both cause PKC0 to increase which increases serine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor meaning less tyrosine phosphorylation can occur preventing the cascade taking place. Tumor necrosis factor also has the same effect as fats in the cell. Adipocytes also release resitin which inhibits the glucose uptake
Is adiponectin good or bad for our health and what does it do? Good for our health, it causes more FFA to be oxidized for energy by increasing insulin sensitivity. AMPK phosphorylated to AMPKp. This then phosphorylates ACC (acetyl-CoA carboxylase) so it becomes inactive meaning acetyl-CoA isn't turned into malonyl-CoA meaning CTP1 isn't inhibited.
How does exercise affect TNF, Leptin and Adiponectin? Decreases TNF and Leptin and increases adiponectin (so all good things)