WW1 AND THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

Saphira Z
Mind Map by Saphira Z, updated more than 1 year ago
Saphira Z
Created by Saphira Z almost 6 years ago
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Mind Map on WW1 AND THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES, created by Saphira Z on 03/10/2015.

Resource summary

WW1 AND THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
  1. BACKGROUND OF WW1
    1. COMPETITION FOR COLONIES (Fight for power)
      1. More colonies= more prestige and resources = bigger empire size

        Annotations:

        • BRITAIN AND FRANCE'S EXPANSION OF TERRITORIES  - Increased power and prestige  - More access to raw materials and resources
        • JAPAN AND GERMANY JOINED THE RACE - Joined too late: smaller number of colonies - lesser power and access to resources
        1. COMPETITION FOR RAW MATERIALS, RESOURCES AND MARKETS
          1. Powers industrialization

            Annotations:

            • Economic power can provide political and military power
            1. Feeds power and wealth of industrialized nations
              1. Competition for colonies
        2. ARMS AND NAVAL RACE

          Annotations:

          • Aided by industrialization (Can increase production of weapons) Need for military capability to protect empires
          1. ALLIANCES
            1. Formed so that countries could have assistance in the event of war

              Annotations:

              • Triple Entente (Britain,France,Russia) VS Triple Alliance (Germany,Austria--Hungary,Italy)
              • Became the Central powers vs Allies
            2. NATIONALISM
              1. Definition: Desire to become independant
                1. Austria-Hungary and Russia wanted to control the Balkan States

                  Annotations:

                  • Balkan States wanted independence States had broken away from the Ottoman Empire when it lost power
              2. TRIGGER: ASSASSINATION OF THE ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
                1. World powers were drawn in to support their allies

                  Annotations:

                  • War between Austria-Hungary and Serbia= war between Austria-Hungary and Russia (Serbia's ally)
              3. IMPACTS OF WW1
                1. POILITICAL
                  1. Pacifism
                    1. New nation states and boundaries created

                      Annotations:

                      • Germany was broken up into many states
                    2. ECONOMIC
                      1. Economic debts
                        1. Infrastructure factories, businesses, farms were destroyed
                          1. High unemployment
                            1. Few jobs for returning soldiers
                        2. SOCIAL
                          1. Equality for women

                            Annotations:

                            • Contributed a lot for the war efforts
                            1. Class equality
                              1. Racial equality
                                1. Loss of lives and homes
                              2. Paris Peace Conference

                                Annotations:

                                • Held in 1919  Germany NOT invited Gathering of the victors (Britain, Italy, France
                                1. What the Treaty meant for Germany
                                  1. War Guilt Clause and humiliation
                                    1. Territorial Reduction
                                      1. Demilitarization and reparations
                                        1. Self-determination and new boundaries
                                          1. Formation of the LON
                                        2. IMPACT OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
                                          1. GERMAN HUMILIATION

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Germany had to accept total blame for the war. -Germans were greatly angered (felt that they did not deserve total blame for the war) -Newly formed government had no choice but to accept the Treaty or continue fighting (Germans felt that it was a betrayal to their war efforts)
                                            1. Germany was already weakened by the war
                                              1. Continued war would be disastrous
                                            2. GERMAN TERRITORIAL REDUCTIONS

                                              Annotations:

                                              • - Lost overseas colonies and resource-rich regions (Rhineland, Saar coal region) and parts of Poland - Injured pride of Germans (Germany's standing as a world power was greatly reduced) -Damaged Germany's economy
                                              1. Treaty forbade German-unification

                                                Annotations:

                                                • Germans in Germany wanted to be able to join forces with German-speaking Austrians in Austria-Hungary
                                                1. A;llies feared that it could strengthen Germany's position in Europe
                                              2. GERMAN MILITARY WEAKNESS

                                                Annotations:

                                                • -meant to ensure that Germany could not start another war. -Weaken Germany so that she could not defend herself against attacks from the Allied Powers -Lead to Germany's economic weakness
                                                1. ECONOMIC WEAKNESS

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • -War Guilt Clause gave Allies the right to demand as much compensation as they wanted from Germany -Shortage of able-bodied workers to help Germany rebuild its economy
                                                  1. SELF-DETERMINATION AND CREATION OF NEW BOUNDARIES

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • -refers to creation of independent nation-states -Germans were angered (felt that self-determination only applied to the victors) -confusion: some countries never gained their own states                  : many nationalities found themselves outside of their nation states (Germans left stranded in the 'Free City' of Danzig
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