fats and oils

Luke Deaton
Mind Map by Luke Deaton, updated more than 1 year ago
Luke Deaton
Created by Luke Deaton about 5 years ago
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fats and oils
1 oils are 100% fat
2 fats provide 9 calories per gram
2.1 Fat is a nutrient that is essential for body energy, insulation and protection
2.2 Lipids are a family of chemical compounds, which include fats and oils
2.3 great source of energy
2.4 supplies heat
2.5 adds flavor to food
2.5.1 fat remains in your body the longest
2.5.1.1 visible fat is fat you can see
2.5.1.2 Hydrogenation is a chemical process making liquid fat a solid fat
2.5.1.2.1 Butter is a fat extracted from milk and churned into a solid
2.5.1.2.1.1 Margarine is a butter substitute made with fat from plants
2.5.1.2.1.1.1 Lard is extracted from animal fats
2.6 carries vitamins
2.6.1 fat carries vitamins A,D,E, and K
2.6.1.1 they only dissolve in water
2.7 protects organs
2.8 saturated
2.8.1 usually comes from animals
2.9 un-saturated
2.9.1 Polyunsaturated
2.9.1.1 found in veggies and fish
2.9.2 Monounsaturated
2.9.2.1 found in oils and nuts
2.9.3 trans fat
2.9.3.1 Trans fat is an unsaturated fat molecule chemically changed to be a solid fat.
3 oils come from fish and plants
3.1 Vegetable Oils are oils extracted from plant sources
3.1.1 Vegetable Shortenings a blend of oils hydrogenated to become a solid
3.1.1.1 Rancid are fats that have begun to decompose
4 Cholesterol is a fat-like substance made of glucose or saturated fat
4.1 cholesterol is found in animal tissues
4.1.1 Monounsaturated fats raise the HDL and Lower the LDL
4.2 HDL cholesterol is good
4.2.1 LDL cholesterol is bad
4.3 saturated fats raise both
4.4 Polyunsaturated fats lower both
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