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Purges (part 2) 1934-38

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purges
g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Purges (part 2) 1934-38
  1. The NKVD
    1. Yezhov
      1. Highly regarded and powerful
        1. Stalin's 'right-hand man'
        2. Shot for treason- knew too much about Stalin and too powerful
        3. Secret State Police
          1. Killed millions of people
            1. Most in Ezhovschina- great purge
            2. Tortured and threatened accused for fake confessions in show trials
            3. The Gulags
              1. 1937: 18 million in labour camps
                1. Stayed there before being shot
                  1. Important source of labour: gold, timber, new railways, new cities
                    1. Worked in 5-year plans
                    2. Very low life expectancy
                    3. End of the terror
                      1. April 1939: Ezhov (mastermind of purges) was arrested for treason
                        1. 1940: shot
                        2. Waves of arrests and executions soon stopped
                          1. Quotas for arrests abandoned
                            1. Thousands released from Gulags
                              1. Had to focus more on WW2 now
                              2. Impacts of the purges
                                1. Stalin gained total control over USSR
                                  1. Stalin's opponents were removed
                                    1. Terror and fear were common (NKVD tortured people)
                                      1. Weakened army- bad for WW2
                                        1. Less population
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