1.1 Weather is the meteorological conditions of a region at a given time
1.2 Climate is the average meteorological conditions of a region
2.1 The different layers of
our earth and how they
interact to sustain life
2.2.1 Lithosphere: The layer that encompasses the solids portion of
the earth that floats on the mantle
2.2.2 Hydrosphere: The part of the Earth that encompasses all the water
2.2.3 Atmosphere: The layer of the earth that concerns the gases that surround Earth
220.127.116.11 Troposphere: Contains most of the atmosphere's mass and can sustain life
18.104.22.168 Stratosphere: The layer of the atmosphere where most of the
ozone on Earth can be found. Biotic material can be found, not
much life here.
22.214.171.124 Mesosphere: The second-highest layer of
the atmosphere that has extremely low air
126.96.36.199 Thermosphere: The highest layer of the
atmosphere with temperatures that vary
wildly and with very few gas particles
188.8.131.52 Thermal Energy Transfer
184.108.40.206.1 Imbalances in heat around the world cause winds and convection in both the seas and the atmosphere.
220.127.116.11.2 Conduction: The transfer of heat through direct contact.
18.104.22.168.3 Convection: The transfer of heat through a substance through its particles.
The substance in question must be a fluid.
22.214.171.124.4 Coriolis Effect: The effect to winds cause by the turning of the
Earth. It makes winds appear to move in a westward direction
3 Greehouse Effect
3.1 Natural Greenhouse Effect: A natural process that allows
the Earth to retain heat.
3.1.1 Insoltaion: The amount of solar radiation received by a given area
3.1.2 Net Radiation Budget: The difference between incoming and outgoing
radiation. It divides up the radiation reaching the Earth based on what
happens when it reaches us
3.1.3 Water Vapour is the main contributor to the natural greenhouse effect
3.2 Anthropogenic Greenhouse Effect: The escalation of the greenhouse effect due to human actions.
3.2.1 The result of greenhouse gases being introduced into the atmosphere.
3.2.2 Major Greenhouse Gases
126.96.36.199 Carbon Dioxide
188.8.131.52 Nitrous Oxide
184.108.40.206 Ozone at ground level
220.127.116.11 Water Vapour
4 Climate Change
4.1.1 Arctic Sea Ice Melt: The amount of Arctic sea ice melting each year is
determined by the yearly temperatures. Changes in these values can detect
if the Earth's average temperature is on the rise.
4.1.2 Greenhouse Gas Levels: Greenhouse gases cause the Earth to retain
heat. An overabundance of such gases can cause the Earth to heat up and
for climates to change
4.1.3 Global Surface and Water Temperatures: Temperature
is a measure of the amount of energy on Earth, which is
also known as heat. Heat is the main driver for climate
4.1.4 Land Ice/ Glaciers: Land ice and glacier cover a certain
amount of land. If this values changes, we can detect a
change in temperature, and, thus, a change in climate
4.1.5 Sea Level: As ice deposits melt and water
warms up, the sea level will rise. This means that
the temperature is rising and that climate are
4.2.1 Heat Waves: More hot humid smoggy,
air masses that can cause breathing
4.2.2 Drought: A lack of rain in a
region for a prolonged period of
4.2.3 Wildfires: An increase in fires in forest due
to trees being drier
4.2.4 Storms: An increase in extreme weather
phenomenon as a result of climate change
4.2.5 Floods: The rising of water due to spring melt or massive rainfall