Memory

chipperson6nrj
Mind Map by chipperson6nrj, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Ellie Hughes
Created by Ellie Hughes over 5 years ago
chipperson6nrj
Copied by chipperson6nrj over 5 years ago
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Description

Incomplete, but a mind map of AQA A AS Psychology (1)

Resource summary

Memory
  1. Memory
    1. Sensory
      1. Duration: fractions of a second
        1. Capacity: too small to quantify
          1. Encoding: raw form
          2. STM
            1. Duration: 20-30s
              1. Peterson and Peterson: Consonant Trigrams/Counting backwards.
                1. Factors affecting
                  1. Maintenance rehearsal
                    1. Deliberate intention to recall
                      1. Amount of information to be retained
                    2. Capacity: 7 +/- 2
                      1. Baddeley: Word Length: remember more short than long words
                        1. Factors affecting
                          1. Rhythmic grouping
                            1. Influence of LTM
                              1. Reading aloud
                                1. Pronunciation time
                              2. Encoding: Acoustic/Visual
                                1. Baddeley: acoustically and semantically similar/dissimilar words (A,S 55%, A,D 75%)
                                  1. Factors affecting
                                    1. Other ways to encode
                                      1. The sound of words
                                  2. LTM
                                    1. Duration: Lifetime
                                      1. Bahrick et al: Year book; recall less accurate than matching
                                        1. Factors affecting
                                          1. How duration is measured
                                            1. Thorough learning
                                              1. Childhood amnesia
                                            2. Capacity: limitless "permastore"
                                              1. Encoding: Semantic
                                              2. Eyewitness Testimony
                                                1. Cognitive Interview
                                                  1. Recall every detail
                                                    1. Recall events in a different order
                                                      1. Different perspective
                                                        1. Recreate the context
                                                        2. Anxiety
                                                          1. Loftus: Weapon focus phenomenom
                                                          2. Age
                                                            1. Elderly
                                                              1. Alzheimer's
                                                                1. Schemas
                                                                2. Children
                                                                  1. Demand Characteristics "look good"
                                                                3. Consequences
                                                                  1. More accurate when outcomes are severe
                                                                  2. How the witnesses are tested
                                                                    1. Forced = more inaccurate than volunteered
                                                                    2. Leading questions
                                                                      1. "a barn" / "THE barn"
                                                                      2. Misleading information
                                                                        1. Barn or no barn, group with misled 17% fell for it
                                                                      3. Improvement
                                                                        1. Loci
                                                                          1. Mneumonics
                                                                            1. Pay attention
                                                                              1. Elaborate rehearsal
                                                                                1. State dependent retrieval - mood and setting
                                                                                  1. Peg words
                                                                                  2. Models
                                                                                    1. WMM
                                                                                      1. MSM
                                                                                      2. Interface
                                                                                        1. Proactive - old interferes with new
                                                                                          1. Retroactive - new interferes with old
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