1.1 Language isn't just
one long list of
1.2 Children apply grammar
rules to their language
1.3 Based his ideas on Chomsky
2.1 Language Aquisition Device (LAD)
2.1.1 Children are born with
an innate knowledge of
126.96.36.199 They already know
2.1.2 E.g. Particularly with verbs;
adding an '-ed' inflection onto
the final of the word to turn
the infinitive into the past
2.1.3 As the language is heard, the baby
works out a grammatical set of
rules from what they have observed
3 Jean Piaget
3.2 The sensorimotor stage
Lasts until 2 years old. Language skills, at this stage, are mainly physical, the baby experiments making sounds with their mouth. In the process, they imitate sounds that their parents have made and learn in which context they should be used.
3.3 The preoperational stage
2-7 years. Child talks constantly but most of what they say does not need to be said out loud.
188.8.131.52 When children become
involved in their own bubble
and do not realise that
people are observing them
3.4 The formal operational stage
12+ years. Can use language to express and debate abstract theoretical concepts
3.5 The concrete operational stage
7-12 years. Child can only deal with concrete and specific facts through language instead of abstract concepts.
4.3 Parents use pictures and
books to help their children
understand language and get
involved in conversation
4.4 1. Gaining attention
4.5 2. Query
4.6 3. Label
4.7 4. Feedback
5.2 Children immitate
5.3 Language is conditioned
into a person through a
series of positive
Language used to fulfill a need on the part of the speaker. Mostly related with food, drink and comfort.
Language used to influence the behaviour of others. Usually concerned with persuading/commanding/ requesting someone to do something you want
Language used to develop social relationships and ease the process of interaction. Concerned withthe phatic dimension of talk.
Language used to explore the imagination. May also accompany play as children explore imaginary worlds.
Language used to learn and explore the environment. This may be quesitons and answers or the running commentary that accompanies children's play
Language used to express the personal preferences and identity of the speaker. Sometimes referred to as the "Here I am function" - children announcing themselves to the world.