Contingency Theories of Leadership

Mind Map by mikerolph27, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by mikerolph27 over 5 years ago


Collaborative Leadership Mind Map on Contingency Theories of Leadership, created by mikerolph27 on 10/21/2014.

Resource summary

Contingency Theories of Leadership
1 Path Goal Model of Leadership
1.1 Leader's job is to clarify the path for their followers to achieve goals and assist followers in attaining their goals by providing the necessary direction and support
1.1.1 Leader needs to keep path clear and maintain follower's motivation by directing, guiding, and coaching subordinates.
2 Expectancy Theory of Motivation
2.1 Subordinates will be motivated if they believe that their effort will result in the required level of performance, achieving the required level of performance will result in a desirable personal payoff/reward, the payoffs for doing their work are personally worthwhile
2.1.1 Motivational Force = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence
3 Task Situations Requiring Leader Involvement
3.1 Ambiguous Situations
3.1.1 Requires direction
3.2 Highly Repetitive Situations
3.2.1 Requires leader support
4 Subordinate Characteristics
4.1 Strong Need for Affiliation
4.1.1 friendly and concerned leadership is a source of satisfaction, supportive leadership
4.2 Preference for Structure
4.2.1 Dogmatic and authoritarian, leadership provides psychological structure, directive leadership required
4.3 Desire for Control
4.3.1 External locus of control requires directive leadership. Internal locus of control requires participative leadership
4.4 Perception of their own Ability
4.4.1 as perception of ability goes up, need for highly directive leadership goes down.
5 Fiedler's Contingency Model
5.1 Least Preferred Coworker (LPC)
5.1.1 High score means coworker is relationship motivated
5.1.2 Low score means coworker is task motivated
5.2 Fiedler's Contingencies
5.2.1 Leader-member relations: Degree of confidence, trust, respect members have in their leader
5.2.2 Task Structure: Degree to which the job assignments are procedurized
5.2.3 Position Power: Degree of influence a leader has over power variables such as hiring, firing
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